June 8, 1996 |
Turkey's president asked the country's Islamist leader to try to form a new coalition after months of political gridlock in the overwhelmingly Muslim but secular nation. But political analysts said Islamist leader Necmettin Erbakan's chances of doing so appeared slim. Erbakan, whose party has the largest number of seats in the assembly but lacks an overall majority, will struggle to find coalition partners from among the five other parliamentary groups, all of them secularist.
March 24, 1989
Turkey warned Iran not to meddle in its affairs after Tehran's Shiite Muslim government again criticized Turkey's decision to ban Muslim-style head scarfs at Turkish universities. "It is impossible to accept outside efforts to become a party to Turkey's internal affairs which solely concern its own people and state," the Foreign Ministry said. On March 7, Turkey's highest court annulled a parliamentary bill that would have allowed women to wear head scarfs on campuses.
April 20, 2002 |
The nation's top court on Friday barred Turkey's leading Islamist politician from holding a seat in parliament, dashing his hopes of becoming the next prime minister. The ruling--the latest in a string of legal challenges hampering Recep Tayyip Erdogan's bid to govern Turkey--is widely seen as part of a broader campaign led by military leaders and the judiciary to stamp out Islamic political movements in this largely Muslim but officially secular nation.
January 25, 1993 |
A car bomb killed one of Turkey's best-known newspaper columnists Sunday, plunging the country into shock at the death of a tireless campaigner against Islamic extremism and anything else he believed was damaging this 70-year-old secular republic. Several Islamic groups claimed responsibility for the murder of Ugur Mumcu, 50, who died instantly when a bomb that had been planted under his car exploded as he started the automobile outside his apartment in Ankara, Turkey's capital.
February 2, 1990 |
Unidentified gunmen, believed to be Islamic fundamentalists, killed a prominent Turkish politician outside his home in a suburb of Ankara, the capital, police said. The victim, Muammer Aksoy, was a former member of Parliament and a leading secularist. Several newspapers reported that anonymous callers, who said they were members of the Islamic Revenge Organization, claimed responsibility.
December 21, 1998 |
Prime Minister-designate Bulent Ecevit warned political rivals that his failure to form a government probably will return the Islamist opposition to power. He predicted that the collapse of his talks with bickering parliamentary rivals over forming a coalition government could bring back the Islamists, who were forced out of power 18 months ago by the powerful military.