March 2, 1989 |
The General Assembly on Wednesday approved $416 million for the U.N. peacekeeping mission to help free Namibia from 74 years of South African rule. On April 1, the United Nations is to begin implementing a one-year plan to create the world's newest independent nation, thus settling the last major colonial problem in Africa. South Africa has run Namibia, or South-West Africa, since World War I, when it captured the former German colony.
April 8, 1989 |
The South African-appointed government of Namibia declared the U.N. timetable for the territory's independence effectively suspended Friday, citing a week of fierce border clashes between guerrillas and security forces that killed more than 280 people. Officials said more paramilitary troops had been activated to guard against reported guerrilla movements on farmland owned by whites. They said a curfew would be reimposed on the northern Ovambo region where the fighting erupted.
September 12, 1989
Two top-ranking officials of the South-West Africa People's Organization returned to Namibia from exile in Angola. They are expected to be joined later in the week by Sam Nujoma, leader of the once-outlawed guerrilla movement. Secretary General Andimba Toivo ja Toivo and national chairman David Meroro arrived at Windhoek on a flight from Luanda. "Home, sweet home," Ja Toivo said after kissing the tarmac. "It is very sweet to be back."
March 21, 1990 |
When Sam Nujoma took the oath as president of this newborn nation today, it marked the end of a personal battle for liberation that began almost exactly 30 years ago when the rebel leader slipped out of the territory to launch a bush war against South African colonialists. Nujoma, a stocky man of 60 years with a thick white beard, has been called uneducated and ruthless by his opponents and a kindly man of the people by his supporters.
August 24, 1988 |
Hein van Heerden's hands are caked with this land's soil, his face browned by its sun, and every South African rand he has ever made is tied up in a chunk of rugged terrain stretching gloriously beyond his sight. He feels safe, living behind 10-foot wire fences and carrying semi-automatic weapons to protect his family from the black rebels who could be hiding among the thick, prickly trees.
February 10, 1990 |
The constituent assembly unanimously adopted a new constitution for the territory Friday, opening the way for independence for Africa's last colony next month. The constitution was agreed on by all 72 members of the assembly at an open-air ceremony on the steps of the colonial Tintenpalast administration building. "Now, therefore, we the people of Namibia accept and adopt this constitution as the fundamental law of our sovereign and independent republic," assembly Chairman Hage Geingob said.