March 4, 2014 |
The causes of the unfolding crisis in Ukraine are many, but most fundamentally its roots can be found in an enormously consequential decision made by the United States and its allies in the early 1990s. Faced with a strategic challenge of constructing a new security architecture for post-Cold War Europe, the decision was made to embark on a program of gradual NATO expansion to the east. A first round of accession took place in 1999, with membership for the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.
May 8, 1990 |
With Western leaders puzzling over a new role for the 41-year-old Atlantic Alliance, the secretary general of NATO insisted Monday that the western sector of the unified Germany must serve as an arsenal for U.S. nuclear weapons. "It would be very bad if Germany would be de-nuclearized," said Manfred Woerner, the senior executive of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, after meeting with President Bush on the agenda of a hastily summoned NATO summit.
May 3, 1989 |
President Bush dug in his heels today and reaffirmed his opposition to East-West negotiations on short-range nuclear arms, a posture that could deepen a rift in the NATO alliance. Bush made his position clear to visiting Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland "in the strongest terms," White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater said in briefing reporters on their meeting in Washington. "We believe we have to deal with conventional weapons first and then we'll address the SNF (short-range nuclear forces)
March 6, 2012 |
President Obama on Tuesday said he was confident in Chicago's ability to host the G8 gathering of world leaders and played down the notion that security concerns had anything to do with the decision to move the May meeting from Chicago to Camp David. In response to a question during a news briefing in Washington, Obama noted that the NATO summit scheduled for the same weekend will still be held in Chicago, bringing him and other world leaders to the city. "I always have confidence in Chicago being able to handle security issues," said Obama, whose 2008 presidential election night victory party was held in Grant Park with a massive crowd in attendance.
May 7, 1990 |
NATO's secretary-general rejected Soviet calls for German neutrality today, saying a newly unified Germany must not only stay in the Western alliance but remain a base for its nuclear weapons. "Our goal is clear--we don't want a denuclearized Germany," Manfred Woerner told reporters.
May 23, 1989 |
Secretary of State James A. Baker III said today "there is still a gap" between the United States and West Germany over short-range nuclear missiles that may not be resolved in time for the NATO summit. At a White House news conference less than a week before the start of a potentially discordant summit, Baker indicated that discussions were continuing to close the rift, but he would not predict success. "There is still a gap between their position and our position. We're not there yet," Baker said.
January 27, 1988 |
Chancellor Helmut Kohl, seeking to promote West Germany's disarmament policies amid growing discord with its NATO allies, will hold talks with President Reagan in Washington next month, his office said on Tuesday. Kohl will use his Washington visit Feb. 17-19, two weeks ahead of a North Atlantic Treaty Organization summit, to urge swift ratification by the U.S. Senate of the intermediate nuclear forces (INF) treaty signed by Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev last month.
January 8, 1994 |
NATO Secretary General Manfred Woerner declared Friday that he believes Russia and other Eastern European nations will accept a plan that would eventually admit the former Communist states as members. Such acceptance would guarantee a success for next week's summit meeting of the 16-member North Atlantic Treaty Organization--and for President Clinton's first European appearance as leader of the Western alliance.
May 31, 1989 |
President Bush, elated by his success at the NATO summit, which ended Tuesday, will challenge the Western Alliance to adopt a "new mission" in a speech he plans to deliver this morning. Speaking in the historic city of Mainz, about 70 miles up the Rhine River from Bonn, Bush will declare that the success of the two-day NATO summit demonstrates that the alliance has prevailed in its first mission of preserving the peace in Europe. He will say, sources said, that the time has now come to proceed to a second mission--building a new Europe that is "whole and free."
May 23, 2012 |
President Obama plans to speak at a U.S. military service academy Wednesday, a forum he has used throughout his administration to chart an evolution in military strategy and the gradual process of withdrawal from Afghanistan. The president is scheduled to speak at the graduation of the U.S. Air Force Academy in Colorado, days after he and the other leaders of the NATO alliance shook hands on a plan for withdrawal from Afghanistan by the end of 2014. The speech marks the president's fourth commencement at a service academy.