April 26, 1994
Richard M. Nixon studied, practiced and embraced foreign policy as much as any American President, and there can be few corners of the world where his name was not known. Nor were there many foreign editorial cartoonists who did not take a swipe at his famous profile. As Dwight D. Eisenhower's vice president, Nixon often made headlines abroad--his motorcade attacked by leftist mobs in Caracas in 1959, his celebrated "kitchen debate" with Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev the same year.
February 27, 1988 |
One of V.I. Lenin's last letters, in which he advised the removal of Josef Stalin, reached the future Soviet dictator by mistake, enabling him to secure his position, the Communist Party daily Pravda revealed on Friday. The letter to the 1924 Communist Party Congress, which party founder Lenin did not live to see, was published under former Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev in 1956. But Pravda revealed for the first time how Stalin discovered it.
October 27, 1994 |
Alexander Shelepin, the head of the KGB during the era of Nikita S. Khrushchev who once was considered a contender for Khrushchev's job, died Monday at the age of 76. The ITAR-Tass news agency reported his death but did not give the cause or say where he died. Shelepin--who owed his career to Khrushchev--in the 1950s headed the Komsomol, the party's youth wing. In 1958, he became chairman of the KGB, the Soviet Union's state security committee. That job lasted until 1961.
December 22, 1992 |
Goergy Marosan, a veteran Communist who was a key figure in suppressing the 1956 Hungarian revolution, died Sunday of unreported causes. He was 84. Marosan joined the Hungarian Social Democratic Party in 1927 when he was an apprentice baker and later became a labor leader in the food workers union. He was repeatedly jailed for his union activities during World War II.
September 4, 1988 |
Soviet high school students will be given supplements to their history books by the start of next year to fill in "blank spots" in their knowledge of the country's past, a senior education official said Saturday. Vladimir D. Shadrikov, deputy chief of the State Committee for People's Education, said the supplements will include chapters on a power struggle preceding the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, the repressions of the Stalin Era and ousted leader Nikita S. Khrushchev.
August 1, 1989 |
Soviet ideology officials sought this week to halt publication in Moscow of the memoirs of Nikita S. Khrushchev, but editors fought back and won clearance to continue, the late Kremlin leader's son said today. Sergei Khrushchev reported the censorship bid in a speech at the opening of the first major exhibition to be staged in the Soviet Union on the 10 years from 1954 to 1964 when his father was the country's uncontested No. 1.
July 22, 1992 |
Victor Louis, a Soviet journalist responsible for disclosing several important stories on Soviet developments to the West, has died in London, it was reported this week. . Louis was 64 and died Saturday of a heart attack after surgery in a London hospital, his family told Reuters news agency. In 1964, he was the first to report the ouster of Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
May 26, 1999 |
The late Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev once promised to bury America. Now his son, Sergei, plans to become an American citizen. "It is not so special or a political decision any longer," Sergei Khrushchev, 63, said in a telephone interview Tuesday. "I and my wife have been living here for eight years and we plan on living here longer. We like it here and I believe that when you're living in a country like this, you have to become a citizen," Khrushchev said.
November 19, 1990 |
Boris N. Yeltsin called today for a referendum in his vast Russian republic on Mikhail S. Gorbachev's performance as president. Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, largest of the 15 Soviet republics, said his region is ready to conduct such a referendum. Speaking in Kiev, where he was to sign a treaty with the Ukraine, Yeltsin said the referendum would also ask Russians whether they have confidence in the central government.
November 30, 1988 |
The Soviet Union's new ideology chief said Tuesday that he opposes the publication of the "Gulag Archipelago" and other works by exiled author Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn because they would undermine Soviet society. "I am against the publication of a number of works by Solzhenitsyn, and in the first place such works as 'Lenin in Zurich' and the 'Gulag Archipelago,' " said Politburo member Vadim A. Medvedev.