June 3, 2013 |
By all reports, when President Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping meet in California this week for their first summit, their most important task will be to establish a strong rapport so they can manage the increasingly critical and complex U.S.-China relationship. Although the focus of their conversations will surely cover such topics as North Korea and Iran's nuclear programs, cyber attacks and trade, it is critically important that Xi also hear from Obama directly about the importance of China curtailing its persecution of dissidents and their families.
May 28, 2013 |
Israeli author Amos Oz has been named the recipient of the prestigious Franz Kafka Prize, selected by an international jury from a short list of 12 globally recognized writers. The $10,000 prize, awarded by the Franz Kafka Society in the Czech Republic, recognizes an author's entire body of work, and rewards those whose "work addresses readers regardless of their origin, nationality, and culture, like the work by Franz Kafka. " Their books must also have been translated into Czech.
May 23, 2013 |
A new novel by Pearl S. Buck will be published in October, more than 40 years after her death. Buck, best known for her novel "The Good Earth," won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1938. " The Eternal Wonder " was discovered in storage and will be published as an e-book original by Open Road Media. Buck finished the novel not long before she died in 1973. The novel is, the publisher writes, a coming-of-age story of "an extraordinarily gifted young man whose search for meaning and purpose leads him to New York, England, Paris, on a mission patrolling the DMZ in Korea.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
May 7, 2013 |
For the first half of the 20th century, the cell was a mysterious, unfathomable entity. Nutrients went in and hormones, wastes and other products came out. But what happened in between was anybody's guess. Light microscopes could reveal the rough details of the cell's interior, but not with enough precision to illuminate function. Chemical studies were rudimentary at best. Three men changed that. Albert Claude of the Rockefeller Institute - now University - adapted the electron microscope to image cells, allowing a much higher resolution.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 24, 2013 |
When James Watson and Francis Crick deciphered the structure of DNA in 1953, their discovery answered a crucial question in biology: How is genetic information passed down from parent to child? Their work also created conundrums, however. They and others showed that every cell of an organism contains all of its genetic material. How, then, does an individual cell know which genes to use and when? And how does information from DNA get to the cell's protein-making machinery? The seminal insight into those questions came from three biologists at the Pasteur Institute in Paris - Dr. Francois Jacob, Jacques Monod and Andre Lwoff.
April 23, 2013 |
It was a fine April day last week that found Elie Wiesel at Chapman University; it was a fine April day too, 58 years earlier, when the gaunt, teenage Wiesel found himself alive and suddenly free to walk out of the Buchenwald concentration camp. In the decades since, Wiesel's impassioned writing and speaking have won him a Nobel Peace Prize, and a large place in the public intellectual discourse about the Holocaust and the human condition. They have also brought him to Chapman each spring for the last three years as a distinguished presidential fellow, meeting with students and faculty to keep the significance of the Holocaust green in their minds.
April 10, 2013 |
New Yorkers got a preview Wednesday of an auction rarity: A Nobel Prize for literature. The 1950 medal belonged to William Faulkner, one of America's best-known and respected novelists. It comes with a hand-edited draft of Faulkner's acceptance speech; together, auction house Sotheby's expects those items to sell for $500,000 to $1 million . Justin Caldwell, a specialist in books and manuscripts at Sotheby's, told the Associated Press that the auction house had begun speaking to Faulkner's heirs in 2012 after an untitled, unpublished Faulkner short story was found among his literary papers at a family farm in Charlottesville, Va. It's a long list of Faulkner items that will be going up for auction June 11. There are 26 letters and postcards; some of the correspondence was sent from France to his family.
April 8, 2013 |
SANTIAGO, Chile - Chilean authorities on Monday exhumed the body of Pablo Neruda to check claims by a former chauffeur that the Nobel Prize-winning poet may have been killed by government agents shortly after the 1973 overthrow of his friend, President Salvador Allende. Under a special tent and wearing protective clothing, a team of forensic pathologists that included a U.S. toxicologist gathered in the coastal resort town of Isla Negra to oversee the exhumation. Neruda died on Sept.
March 26, 2013 |
Stephen Colbert had author Junot Diaz on his show Monday night to talk about immigration. He introduced Diaz by saying, "My guest tonight won a Nobel Prize and a MacArthur Genius grant. " Sure, Diaz has been racking up awards like nobody's business. He got his MacArthur "Genius" Fellowship in 2012. Last week he won the British Sunday Times EFG Private Bank short story prize -- worth more than $45,000 for a single short story -- with "Miss Lora," one of the stories in his latest collection, "This Is How You Lose Her. " But he doesn't have a Nobel Prize.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
March 5, 2013
Donald A. Glaser Nobel Prize-winning physicist Donald A. Glaser, 86, a Nobel Prize-winning UC Berkeley physicist who invented a device called the bubble chamber, which allowed researchers to track the paths of high-energy atomic particles after collisions and which played a role in the discovery of new atomic particles, died in his sleep Thursday at his Berkeley home, the university announced. The specific cause was not given. Glaser, a longtime UC Berkeley professor of physics, as well as of molecular and cell biology, won the 1960 Nobel Prize in physics for the bubble chamber, which allowed scientists to track the movements of electrons, protons and other particles.