CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
May 7, 2013 |
For the first half of the 20th century, the cell was a mysterious, unfathomable entity. Nutrients went in and hormones, wastes and other products came out. But what happened in between was anybody's guess. Light microscopes could reveal the rough details of the cell's interior, but not with enough precision to illuminate function. Chemical studies were rudimentary at best. Three men changed that. Albert Claude of the Rockefeller Institute - now University - adapted the electron microscope to image cells, allowing a much higher resolution.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 24, 2013 |
When James Watson and Francis Crick deciphered the structure of DNA in 1953, their discovery answered a crucial question in biology: How is genetic information passed down from parent to child? Their work also created conundrums, however. They and others showed that every cell of an organism contains all of its genetic material. How, then, does an individual cell know which genes to use and when? And how does information from DNA get to the cell's protein-making machinery? The seminal insight into those questions came from three biologists at the Pasteur Institute in Paris - Dr. Francois Jacob, Jacques Monod and Andre Lwoff.
April 23, 2013 |
It was a fine April day last week that found Elie Wiesel at Chapman University; it was a fine April day too, 58 years earlier, when the gaunt, teenage Wiesel found himself alive and suddenly free to walk out of the Buchenwald concentration camp. In the decades since, Wiesel's impassioned writing and speaking have won him a Nobel Peace Prize, and a large place in the public intellectual discourse about the Holocaust and the human condition. They have also brought him to Chapman each spring for the last three years as a distinguished presidential fellow, meeting with students and faculty to keep the significance of the Holocaust green in their minds.
April 10, 2013 |
New Yorkers got a preview Wednesday of an auction rarity: A Nobel Prize for literature. The 1950 medal belonged to William Faulkner, one of America's best-known and respected novelists. It comes with a hand-edited draft of Faulkner's acceptance speech; together, auction house Sotheby's expects those items to sell for $500,000 to $1 million . Justin Caldwell, a specialist in books and manuscripts at Sotheby's, told the Associated Press that the auction house had begun speaking to Faulkner's heirs in 2012 after an untitled, unpublished Faulkner short story was found among his literary papers at a family farm in Charlottesville, Va. It's a long list of Faulkner items that will be going up for auction June 11. There are 26 letters and postcards; some of the correspondence was sent from France to his family.
April 8, 2013 |
SANTIAGO, Chile - Chilean authorities on Monday exhumed the body of Pablo Neruda to check claims by a former chauffeur that the Nobel Prize-winning poet may have been killed by government agents shortly after the 1973 overthrow of his friend, President Salvador Allende. Under a special tent and wearing protective clothing, a team of forensic pathologists that included a U.S. toxicologist gathered in the coastal resort town of Isla Negra to oversee the exhumation. Neruda died on Sept.
March 26, 2013 |
Stephen Colbert had author Junot Diaz on his show Monday night to talk about immigration. He introduced Diaz by saying, "My guest tonight won a Nobel Prize and a MacArthur Genius grant. " Sure, Diaz has been racking up awards like nobody's business. He got his MacArthur "Genius" Fellowship in 2012. Last week he won the British Sunday Times EFG Private Bank short story prize -- worth more than $45,000 for a single short story -- with "Miss Lora," one of the stories in his latest collection, "This Is How You Lose Her. " But he doesn't have a Nobel Prize.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
March 5, 2013
Donald A. Glaser Nobel Prize-winning physicist Donald A. Glaser, 86, a Nobel Prize-winning UC Berkeley physicist who invented a device called the bubble chamber, which allowed researchers to track the paths of high-energy atomic particles after collisions and which played a role in the discovery of new atomic particles, died in his sleep Thursday at his Berkeley home, the university announced. The specific cause was not given. Glaser, a longtime UC Berkeley professor of physics, as well as of molecular and cell biology, won the 1960 Nobel Prize in physics for the bubble chamber, which allowed scientists to track the movements of electrons, protons and other particles.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
February 21, 2013
Robert C. Richardson Won Nobel Prize for physics in 1996 Robert C. Richardson, 75, a Cornell University professor who shared a Nobel Prize for a key discovery in experimental physics, died Tuesday in Ithaca, N.Y., from complications of a heart attack, the university announced. He and fellow Cornell researchers David Lee and Douglas Osheroff were awarded the Nobel in 1996 for their 1971 work on extremely low-temperature physics involving the isotope helium-3. Their discovery demonstrated that the isotope became a "superfluid" that flows without friction, and it contributed to research ranging from the properties of microscopic matter to astrophysics.
February 12, 2013 |
Nobel Prize winning poet Pablo Neruda's body will be exhumed and autopsied, a judge ruled this week. An investigation of Neruda's death was opened in 2011, 38 years after he died of what was said to be malnutrition or cancer. Judge Mario Carroza ordered the investigation after Chile's Communist Party filed an official request. Carroza is overseeing the cases of hundreds of Chileans who were "disappeared" during Gen. Augusto Pinochet's notoriously ruthless regime. Pinochet took over from Salvador Allende in a military coup in 1973.
January 15, 2013 |
Winners of the Indianapolis 500 drink milk to celebrate their victory; perhaps winners of the Nobel Prizes do the same after receiving a congratulatory phone call from Stockholm. That's one theory to explain why countries in which people drink the most milk, per capita, also win the most Nobel Prizes , per capita, according to a new study . Take Sweden, the country that's home to the Nobels. Citizens there have won 31.855 prizes for every 10 million people. They also consume about 350 kilograms of milk each, on average, over the course of a year. At the other end of the spectrum is China, a country that has won a mere 0.060 Nobels per 10 million people and where the average person drinks less than 50 kilograms of milk per year. The United States fall close to the middle, with a Nobel-winning rate of 10.731 per 10 million citizens and milk consumption of abotu 250 kilograms per person per year. Coincidence?