April 25, 1991 |
U.S. experts are concerned that a nuclear accident similar to the Chernobyl catastrophe will occur in the Soviet Union in the next five years and will undermine efforts to promote nuclear power in the United States, Energy Secretary James D. Watkins said Wednesday. The Soviet Union still has 16 nuclear reactors of the type involved in the 1986 Chernobyl catastrophe, and their operations are "frightening," Watkins told Times reporters and editors at a breakfast session.
December 1, 1988
Satellite photographs showing the site of a Soviet nuclear accident said to have occurred in 1957--but never acknowledged by Moscow--were published by a Swedish space research company. The computer-enhanced images showed that a 100-square-mile area around a military nuclear complex east of the Ural Mountains was still abandoned three decades after the disaster. About 30 villages that appeared on pre-1950 maps were overgrown or destroyed.
April 26, 1990 |
A Soviet lawmaker said Wednesday that about 300 people--10 times the official figure--had died from the Chernobyl nuclear disaster and that the cost of cleanup, resettlement and medical care could be as high as $416 billion. Yuri Shcherbak, a well-known Ukrainian author who has written a book on Chernobyl, said the death toll was calculated by a public organization called the Chernobyl Union, formed recently in the republic.
April 28, 1990 |
A Soviet parliamentary delegation, decrying the secrecy their government imposed after the Chernobyl nuclear accident four years ago, made an urgent appeal to the United States and the world Friday for help in dealing with towering medical and other problems.
February 18, 1989 |
A pregnant women who defied orders to evacuate the danger zone surrounding the damaged Chernobyl nuclear plant in 1986 gave birth to an apparently normal girl there last year, a Soviet newspaper revealed Friday. The trade union daily Trud said Yelena Chervinskaya, then 24, arrived in Chernobyl on the second day after the accident as part of a youth work brigade. Attracted by the good pay she stayed, working first as a cook and then as the director of a hostel. Then she became pregnant.
September 3, 1992 |
1948--Furiously driven by Lavrenty P. Beria, head of the secret police, the Soviet Union's crash program to build an atomic bomb scores its first real success when production of radioactive isotopes starts in a secret complex near the Ural Mountains city of Chelyabinsk. Aug. 29, 1949--Test of the first Soviet nuclear weapon (nicknamed by the Americans "Joe One"--after Josef Stalin) at Semipalatinsk in Kazakhstan. Fallout is carried by winds into neighboring Altai territory of Russia.