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Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

February 3, 2009 | Times Wire Reports
India signed a pact opening its civilian nuclear plants to U.N. inspections, a condition of a deal allowing it to import nuclear materials and technology. It will be required to allow inspections at 14 of 22 reactors by 2014 under the deal with the U.N.'s International Atomic Energy Agency. IAEA oversight was stipulated when the 45-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group agreed in September to lift a ban on nuclear trade with India, imposed after its first nuclear test in 1974 and for its refusal to join the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
August 26, 2010 | By Jorge G. Castañeda
Few matters generate as much consensus in international affairs today as the need to rebuild the world geopolitical order. Everyone seems to agree, at least in their rhetoric, that the makeup of the U.N. Security Council is obsolete and that the G-8 no longer includes all of the world's most important economies. New actors need to be brought in. But even if a retooled international order would be far more representative of the distribution of power, it is not clear whether it would be better.
May 6, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
An Iranian envoy said his government will not submit to extensive nuclear inspections while Israel stays outside the global treaty to curb the spread of atomic weapons. "The existing double standard shall not be tolerated anymore by non-nuclear-weapon states," Ambassador Ali Asghar Soltanieh told a Geneva meeting of the 190 countries that have signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Israel, which does not discuss whether it has atomic weapons, is one of the nations that did not sign.
May 7, 2010 | By Paul Richter, Los Angeles Times
A top-level Iranian delegation garnered worldwide attention this week with appearances at the United Nations aimed at winning international support for its position on nuclear issues. But the effort instead underscored many of the challenges Tehran faces in its quest. Iran's foreign minister held a dinner Thursday evening in New York for U.N. Security Council members, including a U.S. official, who are weighing a new round of sanctions against Iran. U.S. officials and their allies contend Iran's nuclear program is aimed at developing atomic weapons, a charge Iran denies.
March 20, 2002
Re "New Nuclear Policy Makes for a Safer World," Commentary, March 18: Barry Blechman clearly lives in Fantasyland. Resuming nuclear testing, threatening to use nuclear bombs and breaking treaties make the world safer? Nuclear bombs could destroy the Earth, and any nuclear bomb, even so-called "low yield," emits deadly radiation. Our new policy can only lead to other nations building up their nuclear arsenals, thus sabotaging the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
August 1, 2005
I applaud Jacob Heilbrunn for voicing dissent with his editorial board ("Bush is facing reality on India," editorial, July 28). He is right that New Delhi is being accused of subverting the nuclear nonproliferation treaty, which it was never a part of. On the contrary, the five declared nuclear powers, which also happen to be members of the U.N. Security Council, have not fulfilled a key provision of the treaty -- declaring a timetable for achieving full...
October 4, 2008 | From Times Wire Reports
U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice heads to India today just days after the U.S. Congress approved a landmark nuclear cooperation accord with the South Asian nation. Rice is expected to meet with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and other leaders over the weekend, the U.S. State Department said. She was also to travel to Kazakhstan. Congress passed a pact this week that allows American businesses to begin selling nuclear fuel, technology and reactors to India, overturning a three-decade ban on atomic trade with the country, which is not a signatory of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.
April 27, 2004
"Still on Catastrophe's Edge" (Commentary, April 26) ended with the comment that "a clear road map for nuclear disarmament should be established." The road map is in Article VI of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. It calls for an end to the nuclear arms race, nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament "under strict and effective international control." President Kennedy presented the American-Soviet (McCloy-Zorin) program to achieve that goal in his address to the United Nations on Sept.
February 20, 2008
Re "U.S. nuclear focus has dimmed, studies find," Feb. 13 There is no question that the Air Force must reevaluate its nuclear weapons security measures after last August's B-52 flight debacle. It is frightening to realize that more than 60 years into the Nuclear Age, those in charge of our nuclear arsenal do not know where all of the weapons are at all times. The U.S. and Russia still maintain thousands of nuclear weapons on high-alert status, ready to be fired within minutes of an order to do so. This is a recipe for disaster.
March 31, 2000
Robert Scheer is correct in stating that the United States has zero credibility in urging other nations not to develop and deploy nuclear weapons ("Do As We Say, Not As We Do," Commentary, March 28). Scheer, however, fails to explain why India and Pakistan refused to sign the nuclear test ban treaty. He implies that the reason is that the U.S. Senate failed to ratify the treaty last year. When the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty was first proposed, Egypt threatened to refuse to sign the agreement unless Israel did. The U.S. government threatened to cancel foreign aid unless Egypt signed on. Egypt capitulated.
May 4, 2010 | By Paul Richter and Julian E. Barnes, Los Angeles Times Staff Writers
The Obama administration disclosed the size of the U.S. nuclear arsenal for the first time on Monday, issuing a set of figures that has remained an official government secret since the Manhattan project during World War II. The administration said the stockpile consists of 5,113 active and inactive warheads, down from a high of 31,255 in 1967, in the years after the Cuban missile crisis. Although no U.S. administration had ever revealed the current size of its weapons stockpile, the number came as little surprise.
April 8, 2010 | By Paul Richter and Christi Parsons
Reporting from Washington and Prague, Czech Republic -- President Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a treaty Thursday to shrink their nuclear arsenals, hoping to open an era of improved relations between the former superpower foes while launching an arms-control agenda extending far into the future. The two leaders met in the gilded majesty of a medieval castle in Prague, once a city at the epicenter of Cold War tension, and formally agreed to bring their nations' arsenals to their lowest levels since half a century ago, the days of the Cuban missile crisis, which brought the U.S. and Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear war. But the signing of the pact in the Czech capital also pointed to challenges confronting Obama as he offers a plan to control the world's nuclear arms and address future international security threats.
April 7, 2010 | By Paul Richter
President Obama and his senior aides introduced a new nuclear weapons policy Tuesday with the promise that America would no longer build new nuclear weapons. "No new testing, no new warheads," Marine Gen. James Cartwright, vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, pledged in a Pentagon briefing. Yet officials said later that the policy could allow them to bring back older, tested warhead components and designs to build what would be, for all practical purposes, a new weapon.
April 7, 2010 | By Joe Biden
When I joined the Senate in 1973, crafting nuclear policy meant mastering arcane issues like nuclear stability and deterrence theory. With the end of the Cold War and a new relationship between our country and Russia, thankfully these subjects no longer dominate public discourse. Today, the danger of deliberate, global nuclear war has all but disappeared, but the nuclear threats we face from terrorists and non-nuclear states seeking to acquire such weapons are graver than ever. On Tuesday, President Obama took an important step toward addressing these threats by releasing a plan that will reduce the role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy while ensuring that our nuclear arsenal remains safe, secure and effective for as long as it is needed.
March 1, 2010 | By Borzou Daragahi
Iran has dramatically shifted its public tone toward the United Nations' nuclear watchdog, dropping its previous deference while harshly criticizing the agency's latest report and its new director-general as an incompetent and biased lackey of the West. On Sunday, Iran's supreme leader and highest authority, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, lashed out at the International Atomic Energy Agency, which monitors Iran's nuclear program and adherence to the international Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, in a move that could signal a further deterioration of cooperation between the agency and the Islamic Republic.
January 22, 2010 | By Lawrence M. Krauss
The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything, save our modes of thinking, and thus we drift toward unparalleled catastrophe. -- Albert Einstein, 1946 Last week, on behalf of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, I announced that the Doomsday Clock -- established in 1947 by scientists who had worked on the first atomic bomb in 1945 -- was to be moved back by one minute from its previous setting of five minutes to midnight --...
April 13, 2007
Re "Iran's nuclear claims raise fear, skepticism," April 10 Iran has announced that it is now capable of producing nuclear fuel on an industrial scale, which is entirely within its right under the terms of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty. Iran says it is for peaceful use; the White House says it is for bombs -- considering the White House's record on truth, it's a tossup as to who to believe. No nation worth its salt would stand for the humiliation of being treated like an errant child.
July 23, 2008
Re "U-turn toward common sense," Opinion, July 19 In his article, Graham Allison implies that 500 pounds of low-enriched uranium that Iran has produced so far could easily be converted to highly enriched uranium for bombs. A couple of clarification points are missing from this article. First, Iranian-produced enrichment material remains under the control of the International Atomic Energy Agency. Second, converting this fuel to highly enriched uranium would take months. Any changes to the current facilities would be noticed by the IAEA instantly.
October 4, 2009 | Associated Press
As the head of the U.N. nuclear monitoring agency arrived in Iran on Saturday, the country's president declared that it had reported the existence of a new nuclear site earlier than required. Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, is in Tehran to arrange an inspection of the uranium enrichment facility near the holy city of Qom. The revelation that Iran has been building the nuclear plant has heightened the concern of the United States and many of its allies, which suspect that Tehran is using a civilian nuclear program as a cover for developing weapons-making capability.
September 25, 2009 | Christi Parsons
The United Nations Security Council approved a nuclear nonproliferation resolution this morning, granting President Obama an early, first step toward his ultimate goal of eliminating nuclear weapons. The vote was the result of weeks and months of negotiations, and arrived with Obama presiding over the meeting as the first American president to do so. Obama urged world leaders to make sure that international law is more than "an empty promise," and said he "harbors no illusions about the difficulty" of the task ahead.
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