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Nuclear Weapons Russia

NEWS
March 2, 1993 | MARY MYCIO, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
The safety of the former Soviet Union's strategic nuclear arsenal has deteriorated in recent months as Russia and Ukraine quarrel over responsibility for its maintenance. The dispute recently became public, revealing hazards that otherwise might have remained secret. But with each side playing up the dangers and blaming them on the other and minimizing its own faults, the threat of a nuclear accident is hard to assess.
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MAGAZINE
February 21, 1993 | PAUL LOWE, Paul Lowe spent six weeks in Kazakhstan photographing its people. He is a free-lance photographer who has worked extensively in Eastern Europe since the revolution in 1989.
On Aug. 29, 1949, the Soviet Union exploded its first atom bomb. Bizhamal Samarova, now 70, lived about 30 miles from that original ground zero. "We were told to run to the banks of the river," she recalls. "The bomb exploded. I saw a red ball. Heard a great thunder. Dogs began to howl." Samarova says she was permanently blinded by that first explosion. And it was only the beginning.
NEWS
January 4, 1993 | RICHARD BOUDREAUX, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Three generations of Russians who survived the Cold War paused on this frigid Sunday to recall their fears of instant annihilation and express relief at the biggest arms reduction treaty ever between the world's supreme nuclear powers. "It is great that they have agreed to exterminate those terrible nukes," Helena V. Babundina, an 18-year-old seamstress, exclaimed after Presidents Bush and Boris N. Yeltsin signed the second Strategic Arms Reduction Talks pact in the Kremlin.
NEWS
January 4, 1993 | JAMES GERSTENZANG and JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITERS
A jubilant Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin and a tired, almost wistful President Bush signed the most sweeping East-West arms reduction accord in history Sunday and voiced optimism about the future of U.S.-Russian ties as Bush prepares to turn over the U.S. helm to President-elect Bill Clinton.
NEWS
January 3, 1993 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
President Bush, intent on leaving the White House in a flourish of statesmanship, came to frigid Moscow on Saturday to sign a nuclear disarmament treaty so unprecedented in scope that Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin called it "our joint gift to the peoples of the Earth." "The two powers who once divided the world have now come together to make it a better and a safer place," Bush, who leaves office in 17 days, said after arriving from Somalia, eight hours away and 72 degrees warmer.
NEWS
January 3, 1993 | JAMES GERSTENZANG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
It was the kind of scene George Bush had seemed to prize above all others in his presidency. The gleaming conference table, the aides scurrying into position, the air electric with portents of history as the two most powerful men in the world sat down together at the summit. The world had all but held its breath to see what the U.S. President and his counterpart from the Kremlin would do.
NEWS
December 28, 1992 | NORMAN KEMPSTER, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Secretary of State Lawrence S. Eagleburger, arriving for make-or-break arms control talks, said Sunday that there is "a better than 50-50 chance" that the United States and Russia will sign a treaty cutting nuclear arsenals by more than two-thirds before President Bush leaves office. Eagleburger negotiates today with Russian Foreign Minister Andrei A. Kozyrev and Defense Minister Pavel S.
NEWS
December 28, 1992 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
For 48 hours, the two Russians and their Belarussian accomplice holed up in the dreary border town of Brest, waiting for two contacts from Poland to show up. To kill time and the autumn chill, the trio opened a bottle of vodka and began a round-the-clock drinking party. When the Poles arrived in the city of 238,000 in western Belarus, the Russians produced the lead capsule they had stolen from a top-secret installation 1,200 miles to the east. The Poles examined it.
NEWS
November 27, 1992 | DOYLE McMANUS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty--which would cut nuclear weapons and which once was hailed by President Bush as a major achievement of his Administration's diplomacy--is unlikely to be completed by the time Bush leaves office because of Russian misgivings and American uncertainty, officials said this week. Russia has asked for several changes in the basic framework for a new agreement that Bush and Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin announced in June.
NEWS
October 24, 1992 | TYLER MARSHALL, TIMES STAFF WRITER
A flurry of arrests of Eastern European black marketeers trying to sell nuclear material in the West has raised alarm bells of a potential proliferation nightmare. In the wake of the Soviet Union's collapse, Western fears initially focused on Moscow's top atomic scientists and the need to prevent them from selling their skills to dictators, who could then engage in nuclear blackmail. So far, such brain-drain has not occurred, according to those monitoring the Soviet nuclear industry.
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