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Nuclear Winter

Fears that Saddam Hussein could set off a fire storm in Kuwait's 850 or so oil wells have raised the specter of a world-scale environmental disaster, with billowing clouds of black smoke that could eventually create a "nuclear winter." Not so, oil experts said Monday. At worst, 1 million to 2 million barrels of oil a day would be burned in Kuwait, said Larry Flak, chief engineer for OGE Drilling Co. in Houston.
December 25, 1990 | WILLIAM J. SCHULL, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES: Schull was a member of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission that visited Japan after World War II to study the genetic effects of radiation on A-bomb victims. His most recent book is "Song Among the Ruins" (Harvard)
While some officials in the Reagan Administration predicted that Americans could survive a nuclear war "with enough shovels" to dig for cover, the picture presented by many working scientists is far darker. In this provocative study of the dangers of nuclear proliferation, astrophysicists Carl Sagan and Richard Turco argue that smoke clouds will occlude the sun's warming effects after a full-scale nuclear war, bringing the bone-wracking chill and darkness of an arctic winter.
July 2, 1989 | Russell Jacoby, Jacoby's latest book, "The Last Intellectuals," recently appeared in paper (Hill & Wang/Noonday); he currently teaches at UC Riverside. and
No one who writes of nuclear war can be accused of tackling a small issue. To be sure, neither the courage nor the books are in short supply. We pay attention to these books, however, in fits and starts, depending on the state of the world. The Reagan Administration--until its final years--spoke of evil empires and winning nuclear wars. If this gave rise to nightmares, it was good for books on nuclear disaster. The nuclear freeze movement of 1982-84, itself a product of these renewed fears, provoked Jeff Smith to reflect upon the nuclear debate; his book seeks to go beyond the usual policy discussions to a more illuminating cultural dimension.
May 5, 1989 | From the Associated Press
A scientist who helped develop the theory that nuclear war could plunge Earth into a "nuclear winter" will share the 1989 Tyler Prize with a chemist who pioneered studies of ocean pollutants. The prize for environmental achievement, administered by USC, will be awarded tonight to Paul Crutzen, director of atmospheric chemistry at West Germany's Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, and Edward Goldberg, of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla. They will split the $150,000 prize money and receive gold medallions, according to the prize committee.
March 5, 1989 | TRACEY KAPLAN, Times Staff Writer
Name the phenomenon described in the following: smoke and dust that is generated by a large-scale nuclear war and can block sunlight from reaching the Earth. If you answered "nuclear winter," you are correct. So was Grant Featherston, a senior from Palmdale High School whose answer earned him first place and $500 Saturday in the San Fernando Valley region of the first California Citizen Bee contest.
December 15, 1988 | Isaac Asimov
The dreadful wildfires that ravaged the forests in California and other parts of the West, while causing much devastation, managed to serve science. They have yielded information concerning a scientific controversy that may be of the greatest importance to the survival of humanity.
November 11, 1988 | LARRY B. STAMMER, Times Staff Writer
The devastating Northern California forest fires in 1987 created a self-perpetuating inversion layer that trapped a pall of smoke over the Klamath River canyon and kept high temperatures an average of 27 degrees below normal for a week, a scientist reported today.
December 14, 1987
An ancient volcanic eruption in Iceland likely triggered a famine that killed half China's population, bolstering fears that a "nuclear winter" would cause mass starvation after a nuclear war, says a NASA astronomer. Kevin Pang said the sunlight-blocking effect of a very large eruption in 210 BC resulted in a "volcanic winter" forcing "very severe disturbances in world agriculture." "This fairly big eruption in Iceland caused something like half the Chinese people to die," he said.
October 20, 1987 | Associated Press
The dark pall of smoke hovering above recent giant forest fires yielded a scientific bonanza for researchers studying if atomic warfare would plunge Earth into a freezing "nuclear winter." "The conditions that existed in southern Oregon and Northern California were as close as one is likely to see to conditions one might expect after the use of nuclear weapons," said Bernard Zak, atmospheric program coordinator at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, N.M.
June 23, 1987 | LARRY B. STAMMER, Times Staff Writer
Firefighters touched off a second brush fire Monday in the San Dimas forest that scientists hoped would enable them to test whether dense smoke from a nuclear war could enshroud the Earth and bring on a cataclysmic "nuclear winter." As researchers gathered data from positions on the ground and in specially equipped aircraft flying above, the blaze blackened an estimated 300 acres of the U.S.
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