April 30, 2000 |
Perhaps I should have flown into Catemaco on a broomstick rather than arriving by bus. This town in the southeastern part of Veracruz state is renowned for its annual gathering of brujos (witches) on the first Friday of March. They were gone when I arrived a week and a half later, but Catemaco capitalizes on witchery all year. Stalls sell T-shirts printed with Halloween-style witches, pointed hats and all.
August 2, 2005 |
Analysis of 3,000-year-old pottery shards from the ancient Olmec capital of San Lorenzo and other sites contradicts the notion among some researchers that the Olmec civilization was the "mother culture" that laid the foundation for the Inca, Maya and other civilizations of Central and South America. Many researchers believe that the Olmec were the primary culture of the region, dominating, inspiring and ultimately raising the other chiefdoms to the level of civilization.
January 10, 2010
Olmec civilization emerged roughly 3,000 years ago in the eastern lowlands along Mexico's Gulf Coast in what is today the region of Veracruz and Tabasco. In many ways, it provided the foundation for all Mesoamerican art, much the way ancient Greek art did for subsequent European culture. Still, Olmec society today remains very much a mystery. For example, no one is quite sure what the monumental, 10-ton stone sculptures of helmeted human heads were used for -- although it is certain that anybody who came upon one at a time when the wheel was not yet in use and carving implements were rudimentary would know he was in the jaw-dropping presence of extraordinary power.
May 13, 2006 |
A carved monolith unearthed in Mexico may show that the Olmec civilization, one of the oldest in the Americas, was more widespread than thought or that another culture thrived alongside it 3,000 years ago. Findings at the newly excavated Tamtoc archeological site in the north-central state of San Luis Potosi may prompt some scholars to rethink whether Mesoamerica's earliest peoples were based in southern Mexico.
July 7, 1996
The first comprehensive exhibition of Olmec art, now on display at the National Gallery of Art in Washington through Oct. 20, provides a look at Mexico's earliest and least-known civilization. The 122 objects in the exhibit were created in Mexico and Central America 3,000 years ago, long before the Mayans or Aztecs. One of the carvings is a huge andesite sculpture known as Colossal Head 8, the portrait of a ruler of an Olmec capital in the Gulf Coast lowlands of Mexico.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
May 15, 2001
Marion Illig Stirling Pugh, 89, a Smithsonian secretary who married her archeologist boss and with him studied the ancient Olmec civilization of Middle America, died April 24 in Tucson. The young woman took night classes in anthropology, geology and Russian while working for Matthew W. Stirling, and learned archeology after marrying him in 1933. She became, he said, his "co-explorer, co-author and general coordinator" on expeditions to Mexico, Panama, Ecuador and Costa Rica beginning in 1938.