July 9, 1991 |
A Navy early warning aircraft caught fire over the Mediterranean Sea on Monday and its crew of five bailed out before an American fighter shot it down, a Navy official said. The E-2C Hawkeye from the aircraft carrier Forrestal was on a routine air patrol in support of Operation Provide Comfort, the allied relief effort in northern Iraq, when one of its engines caught fire, said Lt. Fred Henney, a Navy spokesman at the Pentagon.
July 16, 1991 |
Allied troops ended their three-month occupation of northern Iraq on Monday, promising continued protection for the Kurds to prolong the success of a mission that brought half a million Kurdish refugees back to their homeland. "We'll just be a phone call away," said U.S. Army Lt. Gen. John M. Shalikashvili, commander of Operation Provide Comfort, as the U.S. flag was lowered at the allied headquarters at Zakhu, Iraq. U.S. F-16 and A-10 jets swooped overhead as the last U.S.
April 22, 1992 |
In a development that would please the United States, visiting British Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd won Turkish backing Tuesday for continuing an allied security zone in northern Iraq to protect 3 million Kurds there from Saddam Hussein. There had been doubts about Turkey's willingness to continue playing host to the American, British and French warplanes that patrol the zone.
June 7, 1994 |
The United States and Turkey are heading toward a major confrontation over U.N.-imposed economic sanctions against Iraq, specifically the ban on Turkey's use of an oil pipeline between Iraq and the Mediterranean. The dispute potentially threatens the cohesion of the U.S.-led coalition trying to squeeze Iraqi President Saddam Hussein from power, according to U.S. and Turkish analysts. "Keeping the coalition in line is getting increasingly difficult," a leading U.S. analyst said.
May 11, 1991 |
Coalition forces are negotiating a plan with the Iraqi military to let Kurds return to an Iraqi provincial capital without using U.S. ground troops to occupy the city, a U.S. military negotiator said Friday. Talks over the future of Dahuk are a critical element in the success of Operation Provide Comfort, the allied program to save the Kurds. The allied forces have sought control of Dahuk to encourage Kurdish refugees to return home.
February 25, 1992 |
Hunger, winter misery and an economic blockade of his people by Iraqi President Saddam Hussein have launched Kurdish leader Masoud Barzani on a rare foreign tour starting today. Barzani--who will visit Turkey, Britain, France, Germany and possibly the United States--hopes to rekindle Western interest in the plight of his 3 million people. "The tragedy of the Kurds is not over," said Hushyar Zibari, Barzani's chief of foreign relations.
May 23, 1991 |
A detachment of American soldiers will enter the strategic city of Dahuk in northern Iraq on Friday under an agreement between allied and Iraqi forces aimed at coaxing more Kurds home, the allied commander said. However, Kurdish guerrilla leaders rejected the plan and demanded a full-scale American occupation of the provincial capital, south of the allied security zone. "If we don't have the Americans, no one will go home," guerrilla leader Hussain Sinjari said Wednesday.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
February 10, 1993
President Turgut Ozal of Turkey met Monday with President Clinton. Ozal's 10-day visit to the United States was "private," according to official Turkish sources. It was clear, however, that he wished to meet with Clinton and it was awkward that the White House said, at first, that no meeting would be held. Not meeting with Ozal would have been a major diplomatic gaffe.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 25, 1994
Your coverage of the helicopter tragedy in northern Iraq (April 15) fails to show Turkey's essential role in Operation Provide Comfort. Not only does Turkey permit Allied forces to use Turkish air bases, but the Turkish military is actively taking part in this humanitarian operation. Turkey's humanitarian help to the Kurdish population in northern Iraq is not limited to its part in this operation. Turkey is helping Iraqi Kurds by providing food aid and even electric power. Turkey recently furnished $15 million to the Iraqi Kurds to manage their daily economic needs.
April 17, 1994 |
When the two U.S. Blackhawk helicopters were shot down by U.S. warplanes Thursday over Iraq, killing 26 people, it provided some insights into the emerging debate over America's military role in the post-Cold War era. Within hours, Rep. Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.), the next House minority leader, blamed President Clinton for cutting defense too deeply while spreading U.S. forces too broadly "across the planet."