CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 7, 1991 |
The paintings portray a Poland oppressive in its past, uncertain in its present, optimistic of its future. The work of artists Jerzy Wojciech Bielecki and Miroslawa Smerek, a husband-and-wife team from Poland, will be displayed at a convention this weekend of the Polish National Alliance, a 111-year-old nonprofit fraternal and insurance group to help Poles and Polish-Americans.
September 3, 1991 |
Poland's Solidarity government unveiled plans Monday to bypass Parliament temporarily on most economic issues and issue decrees with the force of law. The government sent a bill to the Sejm, or lower house, seeking special powers to issue decrees and break a legislative logjam holding up many free market reform measures. A communique said it will also ask the Sejm to pass constitutional changes permanently strengthening the executive at a special sitting this week.
September 1, 1991 |
Poland's Solidarity government survived a tense parliamentary confrontation with ex-Communists on Saturday when Parliament refused to accept its resignation. The vote strengthened the government of Prime Minister Jan Krzysztof Bielecki and eased a three-day standoff that had threatened Poland with its worst political crisis since the overthrow of communism in 1989.
August 31, 1991 |
Poland's prime minister made a surprise offer to resign Friday after the former Communists and their allies who control the Parliament sharply criticized his austerity policies. Lawmakers in the Sejm, the lower house of Parliament, voted 209 to 65 to delay until today a decision on dissolving the 8-month-old government of Jan Krzysztof Bielecki. Bielecki said he would not stay on in a caretaker capacity if the resignation were accepted.
August 23, 1991 |
If the architects of the failed Soviet coup considered ordering the Soviet army to crush rebellious defenders of democracy, they had only to recall the bloody consequences of such action in Romania to conclude that soldiers cannot be relied on in battles against their own people. If the plotters pondered countering the opposition by repressing the charismatic figure of Russian Federation President Boris N.
July 21, 1991 |
It is the summer season of strikes once again in Poland. On any given day, about 20 labor stoppages are going on, strike alerts are posted in factories, trams are shut down in the cities, buses stop running, garbage collectors stand sullen and idle beside their trucks. But this strike season has brought a significant change. The general public no longer finds itself alarmed or excited by strikes.
June 29, 1991 |
President Lech Walesa has backed down, at least for now, from his threat to dissolve the Communist-dominated Parliament, but the political battle that surrounded Walesa's feint has suggested to Poles the presidential style that lies in store for them for the next five years. Based on evidence of the controversy surrounding Walesa's goading and threats to the Sejm, or Parliament, it will be, as some of Walesa's opponents predicted and feared, an activist presidency.
June 28, 1991 |
The government announced Thursday that it plans to transfer one-quarter of all state industry to private hands within six months by giving stock to every Polish adult citizen. The plan must be approved by Parliament. Under it, five to 20 stock funds will be created and run under the auspices of foreign investment management companies, and Poles will be a granted a share in every fund.
June 22, 1991 |
The political struggle over Poland's economic recovery plan has intensified, with new threats of strikes and moves by President Lech Walesa to grant emergency powers to the government to dislodge stalled economic legislation in Parliament. Presidential aides say Walesa also is increasingly contemplating invoking his powers to dissolve the Parliament, which on Friday rejected his amendments to a law setting rules for parliamentary elections, now anticipated for October.
June 2, 1991 |
Pope John Paul II on Saturday hailed the "new voice" of freedom in post-Communist Poland but urged his increasingly skeptical countrymen to stick to their Roman Catholic traditions. Smaller-than-expected crowds greeted John Paul as he opened his 12-city, nine-day pilgrimage here on the Baltic coast, in sharp contrast to the huge turnouts of his three previous trips to his homeland.