March 2, 1995 |
Jozef Oleksy, a top official in Poland's last Communist government, moved a step closer Wednesday to becoming the country's next prime minister. But President Lech Walesa continued to make life difficult for the former Communist Party boss and his left-wing coalition. The Sejm, the lower house of Parliament, voted to oust the 16-month-old government of Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak and turned to Oleksy to form a new one. The vote had been expected after Pawlak agreed on Feb.
February 18, 1995 |
A former Communist Party official who helped negotiate the transfer of power to the Solidarity trade union has agreed to become Poland's next prime minister. But Jozef Oleksy, a onetime party boss and a minister in the country's last Communist government, may never get the job. Oleksy, 48, faces what many here consider to be an impossible task: making peace between his left-wing coalition government and President Lech Walesa, the only Solidarity-era figure still holding top office in Poland.
October 29, 1994 |
For a moment it looked like a flashback from the 1980s, a dramatic televised scene of Poland's struggle to overthrow communism, featuring top players in the Solidarity reform movement. Solidarity strategist Bronislaw Geremek issued a stern warning about the sanctity of democracy. Solidarity journalist Tadeusz Mazowiecki lectured about civilian control of the military. And Solidarity activist Wladyslaw Frasyniuk accused the Polish president of authoritarian tendencies.
November 23, 1993 |
The spokeswoman in the government press office was apologetic, but there was nothing that she could do. The 13-sentence biography was the only information available on Waldemar Pawlak, Poland's new prime minister. The official release did not mention his wife's name, the names or ages of his three children, or anything about his life in the tiny village in central Poland where the farmer-turned-prime minister, now one month in office, got his political start eight years ago.
September 20, 1993 |
Polish voters issued a stunning rebuke to the country's aggressive economic reformers Sunday, giving two parties with Communist-era roots a majority of seats in the lower house of Parliament, according to preliminary projections early today. In just the second free parliamentary election since the collapse of communism in 1989, the biggest winner was the opposition Democratic Left Alliance, the successors to the former Communist Party.
September 18, 1993 |
Just four years after the celebrated collapse of communism in Poland, the so-called invisible hand of capitalism is about to get slapped. Fed up with the stresses and strains of building a market economy from the shambles of communism, Poles are poised to do the seemingly unthinkable Sunday: elect a government with roots in the haunted past.
August 8, 1992 |
Workers at one of Poland's two auto plants are striking for a 150% pay raise. The government budget deficit has spiraled to double the relative size of the massive U.S. deficit. Members of as many as 20 parties are clawing for power in Parliament. Yet for all that, things have rarely looked so bright here since Poland led Eastern Europe's revolt against communism in 1989.
December 18, 1991 |
Eight weeks after this nation's parliamentary elections, the second proposed candidate for prime minister gave up Tuesday on efforts to form a new Polish government and submitted his resignation to Parliament. Jan Olszewski--a 61-year-old lawyer who had been the candidate of a five-party center-right coalition advocating a slower approach to economic reform--blamed his failure on President Lech Walesa's lack of support for his proposed government.
December 1, 1991 |
Political pundits were probably asking themselves the question almost at once: Would success spoil the Polish Party of Friends of Beer? What would happen, fresh from the party's ballot box success on Oct. 27, when, contrary to all expectations, including its own, the final tally of seats for Poland's new Parliament was 16--count 'em, 16--for the Friends of Beer?
November 9, 1991 |
President Lech Walesa on Friday nominated Bronislaw Geremek, a longtime adviser and more recently an adversary, to try to form Poland's next government. Geremek, who has been closely involved with Solidarity since the union was formed in 1980, represents the Democratic Union party, which finished in first place by a narrow margin in the Oct. 27 parliamentary elections. Democratic Union won only 13% of the votes in the splintered voting, which saw 29 parties gain seats in Parliament.