February 18, 1995 |
A former Communist Party official who helped negotiate the transfer of power to the Solidarity trade union has agreed to become Poland's next prime minister. But Jozef Oleksy, a onetime party boss and a minister in the country's last Communist government, may never get the job. Oleksy, 48, faces what many here consider to be an impossible task: making peace between his left-wing coalition government and President Lech Walesa, the only Solidarity-era figure still holding top office in Poland.
October 29, 1994 |
For a moment it looked like a flashback from the 1980s, a dramatic televised scene of Poland's struggle to overthrow communism, featuring top players in the Solidarity reform movement. Solidarity strategist Bronislaw Geremek issued a stern warning about the sanctity of democracy. Solidarity journalist Tadeusz Mazowiecki lectured about civilian control of the military. And Solidarity activist Wladyslaw Frasyniuk accused the Polish president of authoritarian tendencies.
September 20, 1993 |
Polish voters issued a stunning rebuke to the country's aggressive economic reformers Sunday, giving two parties with Communist-era roots a majority of seats in the lower house of Parliament, according to preliminary projections early today. In just the second free parliamentary election since the collapse of communism in 1989, the biggest winner was the opposition Democratic Left Alliance, the successors to the former Communist Party.
August 8, 1992 |
Workers at one of Poland's two auto plants are striking for a 150% pay raise. The government budget deficit has spiraled to double the relative size of the massive U.S. deficit. Members of as many as 20 parties are clawing for power in Parliament. Yet for all that, things have rarely looked so bright here since Poland led Eastern Europe's revolt against communism in 1989.
December 18, 1991 |
Eight weeks after this nation's parliamentary elections, the second proposed candidate for prime minister gave up Tuesday on efforts to form a new Polish government and submitted his resignation to Parliament. Jan Olszewski--a 61-year-old lawyer who had been the candidate of a five-party center-right coalition advocating a slower approach to economic reform--blamed his failure on President Lech Walesa's lack of support for his proposed government.
December 1, 1991 |
Political pundits were probably asking themselves the question almost at once: Would success spoil the Polish Party of Friends of Beer? What would happen, fresh from the party's ballot box success on Oct. 27, when, contrary to all expectations, including its own, the final tally of seats for Poland's new Parliament was 16--count 'em, 16--for the Friends of Beer?
November 9, 1991 |
President Lech Walesa on Friday nominated Bronislaw Geremek, a longtime adviser and more recently an adversary, to try to form Poland's next government. Geremek, who has been closely involved with Solidarity since the union was formed in 1980, represents the Democratic Union party, which finished in first place by a narrow margin in the Oct. 27 parliamentary elections. Democratic Union won only 13% of the votes in the splintered voting, which saw 29 parties gain seats in Parliament.
October 30, 1991 |
Poland's President Lech Walesa, moving to create a government capable of decisive economic reform after elections that resulted in a splintered Parliament, proposed Tuesday that he become his own prime minister. Walesa said he expects to form a coalition made up of groups rooted in the Solidarity trade union movement, preferably with himself as prime minister. An alternative, he said, is a government of the seven parties that won the greatest number of votes.
October 29, 1991 |
President Lech Walesa noted that his nation's politicians were difficult to reach by telephone Monday morning. They had gone through a rough night. "They are sleeping," Walesa said. "They are afraid to wake up." The politicians had considerable company among Poles who found the results of Sunday's parliamentary elections dismaying and troubling.
October 26, 1991 |
Polish voters will go to the polls Sunday to elect a new Parliament, one that will replace the Communist-dominated assembly that has complicated political and economic reform here for more than two years. Although it will be the first fully free parliamentary election here since the end of World War II, public opinion surveys suggest that a low voter turnout is expected, largely because of a poor public regard for politicians and political institutions.