February 11, 1990
From behind bars, Nelson Mandela has dominated the fight for black rights in South Africa. The following are some of the key events in his life. 1944 Mandela joins the African National Congress at age 26, later becoming president of the group's Youth League. In a short time, the ANC becomes the force behind black protests. When the National Party comes to power in 1948, the ANC begins planning a campaign of civil disobedience to fight the party's apartheid policy.
October 16, 1989 |
When Walter Sisulu was running the African National Congress offices almost single-handedly 40 years ago, young black students would often drift by to chat. And he always seemed to have time for them. "You wouldn't go to Nelson Mandela to just talk. He suffered fools very badly," remembers Dr. Nthato Motlana, one of those students and an early member of the ANC. "But you could always go to Sisulu and talk about the little things. He was a real uncle." In those days, Sisulu was the ANC.
July 19, 1988 |
Nelson R. Mandela, the imprisoned black nationalist leader, turned 70 years old Monday amid a nationwide, police-enforced ban on celebrations of his birthday and an unprecedented call for his release from a pro-government newspaper. Beeld, the country's largest Afrikaans-language daily, argued in an editorial that Mandela has, in his 26 years behind bars, "acquired a status that is larger than life," which he would have difficulty maintaining out of jail.
April 7, 1991 |
The African National Congress' new threat to pull out of negotiations with the government touched off a round of finger-pointing and criticism of the ANC across the political spectrum Saturday. President Frederik W. de Klerk denied ANC accusations that his security forces were ignoring the internecine warfare in the townships, and he sharply rebuked the ANC for using the blood bath for "political gain." De Klerk stopped short of rejecting the ANC's ultimatum.
July 13, 1989 |
Jailed black nationalist Nelson R. Mandela, in his first officially sanctioned public statement since his conviction a quarter-century ago, said that meeting South Africa's president last week was consistent with "the position I have taken over the past 28 years, namely that dialogue with . . . the African National Congress is the only way of ending violence and bringing peace to our country."
September 26, 1992 |
In an important breakthrough in the country's stalled peace process, President Frederik W. de Klerk agreed Friday to free 150 political prisoners, including those convicted of murdering whites, clearing the way for a summit today with Nelson Mandela.
February 1, 1990 |
President Frederik W. de Klerk will meet black nationalist Nelson R. Mandela today to discuss problems concerning his release after 27 years in prison, a senior South African government source said Wednesday. The source, who declined to be named, said that De Klerk and Mandela will discuss "sticking points that have arisen in plans for Mr. Mandela's release."