January 12, 1987 |
Iran and Iraq attacked one another's cities with missile and air strikes Sunday as Iraqi troops sought to drive back Iranian reinforcements sent to bolster a three-day-old offensive near the port city of Basra in southeastern Iraq. An Iranian surface-to-surface missile landed on the outskirts of Baghdad shortly before 6 a.m., "martyring a number of people and wounding others," an Iraqi military spokesman said.
January 5, 2011 |
In the latest example of waning American influence in Iraq, anti-U.S. cleric Muqtada Sadr returned home from Iran, where he had gone in 2007 after his Shiite Muslim militia engaged in years of on-and-off battles with U.S. troops and was blamed for some of the country's worst sectarian violence. Sadr's surprise homecoming comes months after his supporters won 40 seats in the Iraqi parliament, allowing the Iranian-backed cleric to play a decisive role in Prime Minister Nouri Maliki securing a new term late last year after a lengthy period of political deadlock.
March 2, 1988 |
Iraq raised the stakes in the Persian Gulf war today, sending missiles smashing into the Iranian holy city of Qom, seat of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini's religious hierarchy. Iran said it launched three long-range missiles against the Iraqi capital of Baghdad early today in retaliation. One Iranian missile hit Baghdad at daybreak, killing or wounding several civilians, including women and children, and destroying houses, shops and cars, the official Iraqi News Agency said.
May 27, 2006 |
For centuries, disciples of the spirit have come to this desert shrine town in search of guidance, power or solace. Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani studied at the seminaries here as a young man before heading off to Iraq and eventually becoming Shiite Islam's most widely regarded scholar. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who lived here before his exile, returned to settle among the bearded and turbaned clerics after leading the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
September 20, 1994 |
In the middle of the flat, palm-studded plains of southern Iraq, not far from the ancient banks of the Euphrates River, rises a shrine like none other in Islam. Its sculpted gold facade and intricately inscribed walls house the body of Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet Mohammed whose political will to lead the Prophet's descendants and subsequent death on these plains led to the birth of Shiite Islam.
October 4, 2009 |
As the head of the U.N. nuclear monitoring agency arrived in Iran on Saturday, the country's president declared that it had reported the existence of a new nuclear site earlier than required. Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, is in Tehran to arrange an inspection of the uranium enrichment facility near the holy city of Qom. The revelation that Iran has been building the nuclear plant has heightened the concern of the United States and many of its allies, which suspect that Tehran is using a civilian nuclear program as a cover for developing weapons-making capability.
December 21, 2009 |
Reporting from Tehran and Dubai, United Arab Emirates -- Tens of thousands of opposition supporters took to the streets today in Qom, Iran's main theological center, to mourn the passing of the country's top dissident cleric, Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, who died late Saturday at the age of 87. Witnesses described a steady procession of mourners walking from Montazeri's home to the shrine of Fatemeh Masoumeh, where Montazeri was laid to...
August 17, 1986
A car bomb exploded in Iran's shrine city of Qom, killing 11 people and injuring 100, Tehran radio reported. The official Iranian news agency said the explosion, the deadliest of six bombings reported by the Iranian media since the beginning of the year, was the work of "agents of imperialism," a label often applied to various underground groups. Qom, 100 miles southeast of Tehran, is considered Iran's holiest city.
August 18, 1986 |
The death toll from a car bomb blast in the central Iranian shrine city of Qom has risen to 13, Tehran radio said Sunday. Initial reports said that 11 people, including four children and three women, were killed and 100 were injured when the bomb exploded Saturday outside a crowded shrine during a major Muslim holy day.
December 28, 1998 |
Eight clerics who support a moderate religious leader who challenged the clergy's right to rule Iran have been arrested, a weekly Iranian newspaper reported. In November 1997, Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri was publicly repudiated after he questioned the legitimacy of rule by the clergy, including Iran's powerful spiritual leader Ali Khamenei. Khamenei accused him of treason. Montazeri has been confined to his house in Qom since last year.