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Quarks

NEWS
November 9, 1986 | DELTHIA RICKS, United Press International
Author James Joyce did not have theoretical physics in mind when he wrote "Finnegan's Wake" and originated the word quark. Quark, quite neatly, rhymed with the word mark and helped set the tone in a phrase of the lyrical novel considered by many critics to be a 20th-Century literary masterpiece. But Nobel physicist Murray Gell-Mann of the California Institute of Technology also liked the word.
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NEWS
January 3, 2002 | Dave Wilson
Spinning tops haven't changed all that much for a couple of thousand years. A flick of the wrist and these children's toys will balance upright for a couple of minutes until their energy is depleted and they topple over. Now there's a top called Quark, which its manufacturer claims will happily twirl for 15 minutes on a single twist, longer even than those cool tops that spin while levitated in a magnetic field.
FOOD
December 15, 1988 | JOAN DRAKE, JOAN DRAKE, Times Staff Writer
Question: In Germany, I've eaten a soft-type cheese called Quark. I found American Quark, but it was not smooth and creamy like the German variety. Where can I find the real thing? Answer: German Cold Cuts International, 6019 Topanga Canyon Blvd. (behind Color Tile), Woodland Hills, (818) 883-8051, carries two types of Quark, a full-fat and a low-fat version. They assure us this is the smooth, creamy cheese you're seeking.
BUSINESS
August 26, 1998 | From Times Wire Services
Publishing and graphic software company Quark Inc. said Tuesday that it had offered to acquire Adobe Systems Inc. at a premium to its rival's current stock price but had been turned down. Quark, a closely held company that makes publishing and desktop design software, said it was interested in acquiring all or a significant portion of Adobe's common stock. The Denver-based maker of QuarkXPress software said it was making the offer public after being rebuffed last week.
NEWS
October 17, 1990 | From United Press International
Two American physicists and a Canadian who first detected the universe's tiniest known particles--quarks--and an American chemist who re-creates natural substances in the lab were honored today with 1990's final Nobel Prizes. Jerome I. Friedman and Henry W. Kendall of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Canadian Richard E. Taylor of Stanford University will share the $700,000 Nobel Prize in physics.
OPINION
May 31, 1987 | Jack Burby, Jack Burby is assistant editor of the Times' editorial pages
We found ourselves on a recent Saturday morning in the amphitheater of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, a place on the western edge of the Stanford University campus of rolling hills, well-groomed lawns and gnarled oaks taking the sun. A pool of shimmering pink ice plant marks the guard's station and the entrance to a quadrangle of office buildings in the boxy style of many California State University campuses.
NEWS
April 2, 2000 | MATT CRENSON, ASSOCIATED PRESS
Deep in the sandy woods of New York's Long Island, physicists are preparing to travel back to the dawn of the universe. In a few weeks their time machine, buried beneath the Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, will begin stripping gold atoms of their electrons and accelerating them to 99.995% of the speed of light. Then it will smash pairs of the atoms together with such violence that the collisions will generate temperatures 10,000 times hotter than the sun.
FOOD
March 24, 2012 | Noelle Carter
Take some milk, add a little acid and give the mixture time to do its thing -- who would have thought homemade cheese could be this simple? What with all the equipment and specialized ingredients I'd read about, cheese making sounded as if it were better suited to a chemistry lab than to my tiny kitchen. That is, until I tried quark. I know. Hear the word "quark" and you may conjure up images of dancing physics particles or "Star Trek" characters. Or of wending your way through "Finnegans Wake.
SCIENCE
July 1, 2003 | K.C. Cole, Times Staff Writer
It's not every day that physicists discover nature singing an entirely unknown tune, but that's what physicists in the U.S. and Japan appeared to have detected in two sets of quite different experiments on opposite sides of the world. They believe they have discovered a five-quark particle, or "pentaquark." If it holds up to further experiment scrutiny, it would be the first time that such a strange form of matter has been seen.
SCIENCE
November 18, 2006 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
Researchers at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory have identified two new subatomic particles, called sigma-sub-b particles. The short-lived particles decay in a fraction of a second, the team said. The particles consisted of two up quarks, the smallest units of matter, and a bottom quark, while the second contained two down quarks and a bottom quark.
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