July 24, 1998 |
"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the president that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale." --President Harry S.
February 24, 1991 |
Gerrit le Grange, retired race classification expert, still owns what he once fondly called "my people-tester"--a pencil that helped him determine race in otherwise tricky circumstances. Le Grange would poke the pencil into a subject's hair. If it dropped out, the person was considered white. If it stuck tight, the individual was assumed to be black. In the newly reforming South Africa, Le Grange's expertise is no longer needed.