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NEWS
December 25, 1990 | CAREY GOLDBERG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
A testy Mikhail S. Gorbachev, reasserting his leadership in Parliament, won backing Monday to launch key referendums on retaining a united Soviet Union and on permitting the private ownership of land. The Soviet president also gained the approval, largely symbolic, of the Congress of People's Deputies, the national Parliament, for his blueprint to reunite the country's restive republics in a renewed union.
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NEWS
November 7, 1991 | MARY MYCIO and MICHAEL PARKS, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
The Ukrainian Parliament voted after a fierce debate Wednesday to sign the treaty establishing an economic common market on the ruins of the Soviet Union. But the deputies said the pact will have to be ratified and a number of supporting agreements approved before the Ukraine, the richest and most populous republic after the Russian Federation, fully joins the "economic community."
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NEWS
May 24, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The Soviet government, seeking a popular mandate to transform the country's socialist economy into one based on market forces, announced plans Wednesday for an unprecedented national referendum on sweeping reforms that it acknowledges will double or triple many consumer prices and could put tens of millions of people out of work. Yuri D.
NEWS
April 1, 1991 | ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Voters in the southern Soviet republic of Georgia went to the polls with a vengeance Sunday to vote for independence for their mountainous homeland and to rid it of the Soviet system of government under which they have chafed for three generations. A staggering 94% of Georgia's 3.4 million voters participated, according to officials here, and the results from the first districts showed that 88% to 93% supported the republic's independence. "I voted for freedom for Georgia!"
NEWS
February 7, 1991 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, struggling to hold his crisis-torn country together, appealed Wednesday for popular support in a national referendum on reconstituting the Soviet Union as a federal state and warned that its breakup would bring unimagined grief to all its people. Criticizing the Baltic republics of Lithuania and Estonia for their plans to hold separate plebiscites on independence, Gorbachev reaffirmed his intention to use all his power and authority to preserve the Soviet Union.
NEWS
February 26, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The Soviet legislature, trying to brake burgeoning separatist movements throughout the country, on Monday voided actions by some republics that it said would have barred voter participation in the March 17 referendum on a new federal structure.
NEWS
April 1, 1991 | ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Voters in the southern Soviet republic of Georgia went to the polls with a vengeance Sunday to vote for independence for their mountainous homeland and to rid it of the Soviet system of government under which they have chafed for three generations. A staggering 94% of Georgia's 3.4 million voters participated, according to officials here, and the results from the first districts showed that 88% to 93% supported the republic's independence. "I voted for freedom for Georgia!"
NEWS
March 5, 1991 | From Associated Press
The 12-member European Community agreed in principle Monday to restore more than $1 billion in food aid to the Soviet Union. The aid was withheld after a bloody crackdown in the Baltic republics. The EC ministers issued a statement expressing satisfaction that Soviet authorities had not interfered with referendums held Sunday in Latvia and Estonia. Latvians and Estonians voted overwhelmingly for independence in the non-binding referendums; Lithuania did the same thing last month.
NEWS
September 18, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, hesitating over a key element of his economic reform program, called Monday for a national referendum on the private ownership of land and the decollectivization of agriculture and private use of natural resources that it would bring.
NEWS
June 19, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
In his boldest challenge yet to President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, Yegor K. Ligachev, the foremost conservative within the Soviet Communist Party's leadership, called Monday for a national referendum on whether to abandon socialism for the market economy espoused by Gorbachev.
NEWS
March 22, 1991 | From Times Wire Services
Lawmakers urged national and republic leaders on Thursday to use the recent referendum on preserving the union as a springboard to approving a new treaty joining the republics.
NEWS
March 20, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
More than three-quarters of the voters in a national referendum endorsed Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's concept of a "renewed" national federation, partial returns showed Tuesday, and a Gorbachev adviser said the Kremlin will quickly exploit the mandate by accelerating its political and economic program. "We believe--and I think this will coincide with his (Gorbachev's) view--that the referendum simply demands the immediate beginning of concrete actions," Grigory I.
NEWS
March 18, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Soviet citizens voted by the tens of millions Sunday in an unprecedented referendum on their country's future that for many was principally a ballot box showdown between President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and his radical rival, Boris N. Yeltsin. The growing antagonism between the two leaders, increasingly the focus of Soviet politics, was evident as they voted in the Soviet capital.
NEWS
March 17, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
This country's future will be placed today in the hands of, among others, Alexander I. Demyensky, a ruddy-faced foreman at the sprawling shipyards here on the banks of the Dnieper River. With the hour of decision fast approaching, the 42-year-old Ukrainian, like many of his countrymen, was still puzzling over what to do.
NEWS
March 16, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
With a nationwide vote on the Soviet Union's future two days away, the country's two most powerful men clashed in rival broadcasts Friday, with Boris N. Yeltsin asserting that approval for President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's "renewed federation" would be an endorsement of the status quo. "This referendum is being held to win support for the current policies of the country's leadership," Yeltsin, president of the Russian Federation, said in a radio address.
NEWS
March 5, 1991 | From Associated Press
The 12-member European Community agreed in principle Monday to restore more than $1 billion in food aid to the Soviet Union. The aid was withheld after a bloody crackdown in the Baltic republics. The EC ministers issued a statement expressing satisfaction that Soviet authorities had not interfered with referendums held Sunday in Latvia and Estonia. Latvians and Estonians voted overwhelmingly for independence in the non-binding referendums; Lithuania did the same thing last month.
NEWS
March 3, 1991 | From United Press International
Latvian President Anatoljs Gorbunovs predicted Saturday that a vote held in defiance of Moscow would reaffirm the Baltic republic's desire for independence and help garner Western support. Voters in Latvia and the neighboring Baltic republic of Estonia were to cast ballots today in independence plebiscites staged to counter a scheduled March 17 Soviet referendum demanded by President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
NEWS
November 7, 1991 | MARY MYCIO and MICHAEL PARKS, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
The Ukrainian Parliament voted after a fierce debate Wednesday to sign the treaty establishing an economic common market on the ruins of the Soviet Union. But the deputies said the pact will have to be ratified and a number of supporting agreements approved before the Ukraine, the richest and most populous republic after the Russian Federation, fully joins the "economic community."
NEWS
March 3, 1991 | From United Press International
Latvian President Anatoljs Gorbunovs predicted Saturday that a vote held in defiance of Moscow would reaffirm the Baltic republic's desire for independence and help garner Western support. Voters in Latvia and the neighboring Baltic republic of Estonia were to cast ballots today in independence plebiscites staged to counter a scheduled March 17 Soviet referendum demanded by President Mikhail S. Gorbachev.
NEWS
February 26, 1991 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The Soviet legislature, trying to brake burgeoning separatist movements throughout the country, on Monday voided actions by some republics that it said would have barred voter participation in the March 17 referendum on a new federal structure.
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