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Refugees Burundi

January 12, 1997 | From Times Wire Reports
Soldiers shot and killed 126 Burundian Hutu refugees who tried to break out of a holding camp in northeastern Burundi, an army spokesman said. Lt. Col. Isaie Nibizi condemned the killings in Muyinga province and said seven soldiers had been arrested in the slayings. A spokesman said the government was investigating the incident. The refugees had apparently been expelled from Tanzania for fomenting trouble in camps there.
Hopes of an end to Burundi's intractable war inched forward Monday as warring factions relaunched peace negotiations under the mediation of former South African President Nelson Mandela. The presence of Mandela and the backing of an array of world leaders have helped propel Burundi into the international spotlight. Mandela urged Burundians to make good use of their moment on the world stage.
August 28, 1995 | From Associated Press
Officials here say they may go back to expelling refugees at gunpoint if the United Nations does not get the 1.2 million people who have camped along Zaire's border for more than a year to go home soon. "We are crushed here," said Mayor Mashako Mamba Sebi, summing up the exasperation felt by Goma residents, who numbered about 200,000 before the arrival of the Rwandan and Burundian refugees. Several dozen Rwandans left Saturday on U.N.
October 20, 1996 | From Times Wire Reports
More than 46,000 Burundian and Rwandan refugees fled their camps in eastern Zaire because of a flare-up in fighting between Zairian troops and an ethnic Tutsi group. The Zairian army and the Tutsi group, known as Banyamulenge, clashed near a refugee camp 30 miles north of Uvira, a U.N. spokesman said. No independent confirmation or details of the fighting were available. The Banyamulenge immigrated to eastern Zaire from Rwanda beginning in the 18th century.
February 25, 1995 | Reuters
Thousands of Burundian and Rwandan refugees are fleeing fighting between troops and gunmen in Burundi and pouring into northwestern Tanzania, officials said Friday. The United Nations' refugee agency said 24,000 had entered Tanzania in the last week. Local government officials in Tanzania put the number at more than 30,000. Refugees reported that followers of an outlawed Hutu party were fighting a rear-guard action against the Tutsi-dominated army in northern Burundi.
October 23, 1996 | From Times Wire Services
Fifty-eight relief workers were evacuated Tuesday from eastern Zaire where they had been trapped by fighting between Zairian troops and ethnic Tutsi rebels, the United Nations said. Sadako Ogata, the U.N. high commissioner for refugees, warned that if the fighting doesn't end, "we are . . . heading toward another humanitarian catastrophe." The aid workers were flown from Uvira, a town near Zaire's border with Burundi and Rwanda and the site of four days of heavy fighting.
October 14, 1996 | From Reuters
About 20,000 Hutu refugees from Burundi fled their camp in eastern Zaire on Sunday after it was attacked by armed men who killed four of them, aid officials said. The assailants were believed to be Banyamulenge, a Tutsi clan recently ordered out of Zaire by provincial authorities after up to 200 years of living abroad, some of the sources said. "Four refugees were killed and six wounded in the attack on Runingo camp," a U.N. source said.
As hundreds of nervous diplomats, aid workers and others fled Burundi on the last commercial flights this week, questions were growing as to whether a newly imposed blockade by neighboring African nations will help or worsen the vicious ethnic conflict there. So far, the answer is mixed. The embargo apparently has not slowed the daily bloodletting between Hutu militias and the Tutsi-led army that has killed an estimated 150,000 people, mostly civilians, since 1993.
July 28, 1996 | Adonis Hoffman, Adonis Hoffman is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he writes on foreign policy
The story is painfully familiar: African nation on the verge of collapse following internecine violence needs the help of the international community to avoid genocide. Within the past five years, this has been the story in Somalia, Rwanda, Liberia and several lesser-known African countries caught in ethnic strife, conflict and civil war. Now the bell tolls for Burundi, where the country's military seized power last week and installed a Tutsi president, Pierre Buyoya, the country's Tutsi leader.
She grew up in a house hidden by broad-leaf banana trees. She was a Hutu, but it didn't mean much to her. Who was what in Rwanda's ethnic mix was mainly grist for teasing at her Roman Catholic boarding school. "We didn't think much about it," she says. "It was something we joked about--taunting each other, 'Hutu nose,' 'Tutsi nose,' stuff like that."
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