June 23, 1993 |
An estimated 111,000 people have abandoned their homes amid continuing clashes between ethnic Rwandans and Zairians in northeast Zaire, an aid agency said. The Dutch branch of Medecins Sans Frontieres said at least 1,000 people were killed and many more wounded in the fighting.
February 16, 1997 |
Rebels threatened Saturday to attack the largest refugee camp in eastern Zaire within three days unless Rwandans allegedly armed by the Zairian government clear out. Rebel leader Laurent Kabila said he would give the United Nations and world leaders "two, three days to solve the problems." If they fail, "We shall hit this camp badly and kick everybody out without any consideration from the international community.
November 14, 1996 |
President Clinton agreed Wednesday to commit as many as 5,000 U.S. military personnel, including a battalion of paratroopers, to airlift food and medicine to more than 1 million sick and starving refugees living in squalid conditions in eastern Zaire.
November 26, 1996 |
Tutsi rebels massacred more than 300 Rwandan and Burundian Hutu refugees at a camp 25 miles southwest of Bukavu, a provincial capital, local Zairians said. Residents of nearby Kakinda village and a survivor said that on Nov. 17 up to 40 rebels gathered 310 refugees at Chimanga camp--saying they would be repatriated--and then set off a mortar or a grenade. Others from the camp were shot to death.
October 31, 1996 |
Tito Nankimbesha trudged slowly across the grassy field, his bony arms cradling a small bundle wrapped in red cotton cloth. Ahead, two men with hoes chopped short, shallow rectangles in the hard earth. Another twisted sticks into four tiny crosses. A searing wind blew down from the hazy heights of Zaire's eastern escarpment. "He died of thirst," the 50-year-old peasant said as he put down the body of his son, Habimaiya, 2.
November 1, 1996 |
Tens of thousands of frightened refugees were on the move again Thursday in eastern Zaire after heavy fighting exploded around the airport in Goma, a key logistic and strategic city that appears to be the major target of the widening Central African war. Roads and bridges north and south of the besieged city, the administrative and supply base for more than 1.
October 22, 1996 |
Fighting between Zairian troops and ethnic Tutsis has reportedly prompted more than 220,000 Hutu refugees to flee camps in eastern Zaire. U.N. refugee agency spokesman Paul Stromberg said Zairian troops hired by the United Nations to protect the refugees reported that all 12 camps near the town of Uvira were empty and that nearby villages were abandoned after a third day of heavy fighting in the area. Most of the refugees had originally fled ethnic violence in Burundi.
March 5, 1997 |
Residents' nerves are frayed in Zaire's strategic Congo River port of Kisangani as rebels advance on what would be the biggest prize so far in their whirlwind campaign. Tension is palpable in the crumbling streets of Kisangani, whose older residents have horrific memories of rebellions and subsequent army suppression during the 1960s. The better off have already fled by boat or plane.
December 19, 1996 |
Hundreds of residents of the rebel-held eastern Zairian city of Goma fled Wednesday, saying they feared a counterattack by Zairian troops following the return of President Mobutu Sese Seko to his country. Residents said they had little confidence in the ability of Zairian rebels to defend the city, which fell in early November. "Twenty members of my family left for Bukavu since [Tuesday].
November 29, 1996 |
A Canadian general met with Zaire's rebel leader Thursday to discuss how to deliver food to Rwandan refugees stuck in rebel-held parts of eastern Zaire. Canadian Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril, head of the proposed multinational intervention force, and rebel leader Laurent Kabila met for an hour at Lake Kivu. Meanwhile, thousands of new refugees streamed into Sake, west of Goma, where they were picked up by U.N. aid agency trucks and driven to the Rwandan border.