April 9, 1995 |
With victory already assured for President Robert Mugabe's party, the main excitement in Saturday's first day of parliamentary elections came when the country's last white ruler was not allowed to vote. Ian D. Smith, 76, who as prime minister of Rhodesia waged an unsuccessful war to keep nationalists like Mugabe from coming to power, was told his name was not on the voters' roll.
April 4, 1995
Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF Party, led by President Robert Mugabe, is set for another landslide victory in national elections this weekend. Mugabe has ruled the southern African nation virtually unchallenged since the former Rhodesia won independence in 1980. Even before the voting begins, Zanu is assured of victory. Some 53 Zanu candidates for Parliament are running unopposed.
December 7, 1991
Sir Roy Welensky, 84, prime minister of the British-ruled Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from 1956 until it collapsed in 1963. Six feet four inches tall and 260 pounds, he was once heavyweight boxing champion of Rhodesia. Welensky was born in what is now Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe. He dropped out of school at 15 and joined the railroads at 17, eventually becoming an engineer. He organized a branch of the railway workers union, which became his steppingstone to politics.
November 30, 1990
Lord Pearce, 89, chairman of a government panel that rejected a proposed settlement in the then-rebel colony of Rhodesia on grounds that most blacks opposed it. Pearce, a former senior judge, visited what now is Zimbabwe as head of the government panel in 1972. His presence was regarded as the first genuine and independent outlet for black majority opinion in many years. In 1965, the white-minority government of Ian Smith had declared itself free of all remaining colonial links with Britain.
November 11, 1990 |
Sir Humphrey Gibbs, the former governor of Rhodesia who became a weary holdout for the British crown, staying in place in his rambling mansion after the white-minority government declared independence in 1965, has died. His family said Wednesday that he died Thursday at 87 from the complications of influenza. Gibbs, born in London, settled in Rhodesia as a farmer in 1928.
August 1, 1987 |
The farmhouse on the hill, overlooking the greening winter wheat and catching the last rays of orange sunsets, belongs to Geoff Calmeyer, his wife and four young children, and attests to their unshaken confidence in a future for whites in Zimbabwe. The house is still staffed with the same black servants who have been around for years, and the farm's 100 black workers, some third-generation Calmeyer farmhands, still live on the shaded hillside.