January 15, 2000 |
Russia unveiled its new national security doctrine Friday, broadening the Kremlin's authority to use nuclear weapons and accusing the United States of trying to weaken Russia and become the world's dominant power. The doctrine replaces one adopted in 1997, a time when political and military partnership with the West were still buzzwords and many Russians were optimistic about the country's economic future.
March 25, 1996 |
After more than a decade of whiplash-inducing swings in Russian foreign policy, says prominent Sinologist Mikhail L. Titarenko, this country's trademark eagle finally has its heads on straight. "The traditional crest of Russia is a two-headed eagle, but for the past few years both heads have been turned toward the West," the director of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies says mockingly of the policies of former foreign ministers Andrei V. Kozyrev and Eduard A. Shevardnadze.
January 10, 1996 |
Tapping a spymaster with close ties to the Arab world to lead Russia's foreign policy, President Boris N. Yeltsin on Tuesday appointed intelligence chief Yevgeny M. Primakov as his new foreign minister. Primakov, 66, has directed the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service for the past five years, and by some accounts has succeeded in boosting morale and limiting the number of defections.
January 6, 1996 |
The long humiliation of Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev culminated Friday in a presidential decree announcing his dismissal and fresh slights against the diplomat who once personified the democratic promise of a new Russia. President Boris N. Yeltsin's decision to sack his longest-serving Cabinet minister underscored a hawkish trend that has pervaded Kremlin relations with the West as Russians' commitment to reform weakens from a protracted and painful transition.
October 22, 1995 |
In the dark days of Stalinist rule, young Lennart Meri went to bed every night with headphones from his makeshift shortwave radio clamped to his head and Western broadcasts buzzing in his ears. "That radio was very important for me," said Meri, now president of this pro-reform ex-Soviet republic. "It meant I was never stranded. I always knew what was going on in the world."
October 21, 1995 |
Russian President Boris N. Yeltsin on Friday backed off hints that he might fire Foreign Minister Andrei V. Kozyrev, bringing him along on a state visit to France and saying his job may be safe--with the right underling in place. Kozyrev met with his French counterpart, Herve de Charette, to discuss Russia's role in the Bosnian peace process and the enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.