December 21, 1990 |
The California Supreme Court, denouncing the "pernicious influence of sexism," ruled Thursday that victims of sex discrimination may bypass the state civil rights commission and seek large damage awards in court. The justices unanimously rejected contentions by employers that bias complaints must be taken first to the state Fair Employment and Housing Commission, an administrative body that conciliates disputes and has only limited power to compensate victims.
February 24, 1999 |
The Supreme Court narrowed the reach of federal civil rights laws in college sports Tuesday, ruling that the National Collegiate Athletic Assn. cannot be sued for sex bias by a female athlete just because it receives support from colleges and universities. On a 9-0 vote, the justices said the civil rights laws apply to schools that receive federal funds, not regulatory bodies that are supported by these schools.
December 12, 1995 |
Seeking to broaden opposition to a proposed state constitutional amendment that would strike down affirmative action programs, a coalition of women's and minority groups is warning that the measure could be used to support widespread discrimination against women and girls.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
July 10, 1992 |
An Orange County Superior Court judge on Thursday rejected a former high school student's claim that she was a victim of sex discrimination when school officials dropped her from the cheerleading squad for failing a chemistry class. Melissa Fontes, 18, of Corona del Mar contended in her lawsuit that the "no F" policy at Woodbridge High School in Irvine unfairly discriminated against girls because it set higher academic standards for cheerleaders than for male athletes.
June 17, 1991 |
For Kumi Sato and many other women in Japan, 1987 was supposed to mark the beginning of a period of expanded opportunity for females in the work force. After all, Japan's legislature had just passed a law prohibiting sex discrimination in employment, and much of the Japanese media had begun to suggest that the late 1980s and the 1990s would be the Onna-no Jidai, or "Era of Women." Sato's life certainly changed.
March 9, 1990 |
Albert Einstein sometimes helped his first wife do the household chores: "He felt sorry that after her housework was done, she had to do his mathematical problems till way past midnight," says Senta Troemel-Ploetz, a linguist and historian. But was Mileva Maric merely Einstein's housekeeper and algebraic assistant, or was she a physicist in her own right, who would have been recognized as a co-author in her husband's work were it not for the pervasive sexual discrimination of the time?
January 25, 1997 |
Publix Super Markets agreed Friday to pay $81.5 million to settle a class-action lawsuit from 150,000 women who accused the grocery chain of relegating them to dead-end, low-paying jobs. Closely held Publix, the nation's ninth-largest grocer and Florida's biggest private employer, was sued in 1995 for sex discrimination in job assignments, promotions and allocation of hours. The settlement is one of the largest ever in a sex-discrimination suit. Publix also agreed to allow the U.S.
May 2, 1996 |
Don't look for Hooters guys any time soon. After four years, a federal agency has quietly ended its investigation of the Hooters restaurant chain for refusing to hire waiters to work alongside its scantily clad waitresses. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission told Rep. Harris Fawell (R-Ill.) recently that it will not intervene in a sex discrimination lawsuit that sought to force Hooters to hire men as waiters.
September 10, 1987 |
Gale Agnew squinted at a group of her students. The girls had seated themselves on one side of a table where they were following directions, looking for writing paper. On the other side, the boys were poking each other with pencils, climbing on chairs and singing. But Agnew, an Azusa teacher trained in anti-sexist teaching techniques, did not allow herself to label the offenders by sex.
August 1, 1994 |
In the 1986 TV movie "Firefighter," the first woman to join the Los Angeles County Fire Department blazes a gender-bending trail meant to light a fire under prospective female recruits. Even though in real life the subject of the film faced hazing that included a sanitary napkin dispenser being thrown at her feet (to which she responded, "That's not my brand," before stalking out), Cindy Barbee hoped her 1983 breakthrough would encourage other women to storm the firehouses.