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NEWS
March 5, 1989
Serious differences have emerged during talks in Warsaw between representatives of the Polish government and the Solidarity union on mass media access and local self-management, Solidarity spokesman Janusz Onyszkiewicz told a news conference. He said authorities reject the idea of allowing Solidarity free access to radio and television, a key demand of the trade union formed in 1980 and banned in 1982.
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WORLD
October 22, 2009 | Megan K. Stack
This shipyard is orphaned now, closed off from the world, storied old walls smeared with graffiti, cranes frozen over the Baltic tides. It is up for sale, but nobody offers to buy. The shipyards scattered along Poland's northern coast linger at the base of the country's view of itself. The labor union of shipbuilders and technicians first cracked, then slowly eroded, communism's grip on Poland and, by extension, the rest of Eastern Europe. Workers struck, organized and made demands; they stuck to their fight even in the face of bloody repression and martial law. Through everything that came later -- the rise from communism and reinvention through privatization, capitalism and European Union membership -- the shipyards remained a touchstone of Poland's national identity.
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NEWS
August 17, 1988 | United Press International
Polish riot police sealed off a coal mine where more than 4,000 workers staged a sit-in strike Tuesday to demand the revival of the outlawed Solidarity union and raises of about 50%, dissidents reported. The strike at the Manifest Lipcowy coal mine near the southwestern Polish city of Jastrzebie began Monday night with about 300 miners refusing to work, and it swelled Tuesday as many of the miners arriving for the next shift joined the protest.
WORLD
August 23, 2006 | From Times Wire Reports
Former Polish President Lech Walesa said he had quit Solidarity, the trade union he founded that helped bring the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. The Nobel Peace Prize laureate said he had opposed Solidarity's decision to support the ruling conservative Law and Justice Party in elections last year. Solidarity leaders said Walesa officially had not been a member since January because he had not paid his annual dues.
NEWS
April 8, 1989 | From Times Wire Services
The Polish Parliament on Friday approved laws introducing radical political reforms, and the banned Solidarity union swiftly called on its members to contest elections liberalized under the changes. Leaders of Solidarity, which will be legalized under the reforms, said in a statement: "We expect that activists of our union will be on the lists of candidates."
WORLD
August 23, 2006 | From Times Wire Reports
Former Polish President Lech Walesa said he had quit Solidarity, the trade union he founded that helped bring the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe. The Nobel Peace Prize laureate said he had opposed Solidarity's decision to support the ruling conservative Law and Justice Party in elections last year. Solidarity leaders said Walesa officially had not been a member since January because he had not paid his annual dues.
NEWS
November 3, 1988 | United Press International
Rival Polish labor unions and management staged an unprecedented rally Wednesday in Gdansk, vowing to defy government closure of the Lenin Shipyard as British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher arrived for a visit that will include a trip to the troubled seaport. The banned Solidarity independent trade union, Communist-dominated unions and the director of the Lenin Shipyard joined 7,000 workers to condemn the government's plan to padlock Solidarity's birthplace on Dec. 1.
NEWS
July 6, 1989 | MICHAEL PARKS and RONE TEMPEST, Times Staff Writers
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, expressing concern about the political crisis in Poland, said here Wednesday that the Soviet Union is ready to open a dialogue with the Solidarity movement and its leader, Lech Walesa.
NEWS
August 31, 2000 | DAVID HOLLEY, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Marking the 20th anniversary of Solidarity's birth, many key figures from the first independent trade union in the Soviet bloc gathered here Wednesday to celebrate their victory over communism and to ponder the future. "We changed the face of this world," Lech Walesa, the onetime Lenin Shipyard electrician who won a Nobel Prize and served as Poland's president, told a special Solidarity congress. "We carried freedom to many countries, and we got freedom ourselves.
NEWS
November 1, 1997 | From Associated Press
Jerzy Buzek, a Solidarity trade union activist, was sworn in as Poland's prime minister Friday, culminating his five-week effort to form a coalition government. Buzek took the oath of office, along with his 21 Cabinet nominees, before President Aleksander Kwasniewski. In their first session, scheduled for later Friday, the ministers planned to review the budget prepared by outgoing Prime Minister Wlodzimierz Cimoszewicz, whose coalition of former Communists and peasants lost the Sept.
NEWS
March 8, 1997 | DEAN E. MURPHY, TIMES STAFF WRITER
If opinion polls and political pundits are right, the enfeebled Solidarity opposition--which got its start in this Baltic port 17 years ago--is staging a stunning political turnaround. There is even serious talk of a Solidarity-led coalition taking back the Polish Parliament in elections next fall.
NEWS
October 13, 1996 | DEAN E. MURPHY, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Three years after the former Communists and their rural allies won control of the Polish government in splashy parliamentary elections, their remarkable comeback has quietly penetrated virtually every aspect of political life.
NEWS
June 9, 1996 | Associated Press
The historic Gdansk shipyard where the Solidarity labor movement was born will be closed due to mounting debt, stockholders decided Saturday. The government, which owns 60% of the stock, wants to shut down the yard and begin bankruptcy proceedings. The yard's debt is estimated at $135 million. Solidarity founder Lech Walesa, who repaired battery-powered carts at the yard, organized strikes there in 1980 that led to the fall of the Communist government.
NEWS
January 27, 1996 | DEAN E. MURPHY, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Polish Prime Minister Jozef Oleksy, who resigned this week over allegations that he spied for Moscow, said Friday that his longtime KGB friend in Warsaw had similar relationships with high-level officials from the Solidarity labor movement.
NEWS
March 14, 1992 | Reuters
The Soviet Union was poised to invade Poland in December, 1981, to crush the independent Solidarity movement, the commander of former Soviet troops still stationed in the country said Friday. Gen. Viktor Dubynin said in a newspaper interview that only the imposition of martial law Dec. 13, 1981, by then-Communist leader Wojciech Jaruzelski stopped Soviet troops from marching in the following day. "If Gen. Jaruzelski had not acted, our divisions would have entered Polish territory on Dec. 14.
NEWS
February 24, 1991 | From Associated Press
Delegates at a Solidarity congress on Saturday handily defeated the candidate picked by President Lech Walesa to succeed him as head of the largest Polish trade union. The surprise election of Marian Krzaklewski showed the desire of rank-and-file Solidarity members to emphasize the defense of workers' rights and lower the union's political profile, analysts said. Krzaklewski won on the third round of voting at Solidarity's third national congress.
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