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Surrogate Motherhood

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NEWS
September 17, 1987
The question of surrogate motherhood, from a legal standpoint, is merely one of a contractual relationship--at least, without getting into the doubtless many different moral and personal opinions, this would be the case. Therefore, surrogate mothers who have signed a contract are legally obliged to give up the baby. I cannot imagine that these women, each with their own children, did not know what it would be like to carry a child and give birth. Knowing what they did about pregnancy and childbirth, they willingly signed a contract, fully aware of what it entailed.
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NEWS
June 15, 1996 | From Associated Press
The Canadian government introduced sweeping legislation Friday to ban pay-for-pregnancy procedures, including paid surrogate motherhood and the sale of eggs, sperm and embryos. The bill to regulate the use of technology in reproduction would also outlaw sex selection of babies in virtually all cases. "We are acting today to set boundaries on the use of new reproductive technologies," Health Minister David Dingwall said in a statement accompanying the bill.
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NEWS
June 15, 1996 | From Associated Press
The Canadian government introduced sweeping legislation Friday to ban pay-for-pregnancy procedures, including paid surrogate motherhood and the sale of eggs, sperm and embryos. The bill to regulate the use of technology in reproduction would also outlaw sex selection of babies in virtually all cases. "We are acting today to set boundaries on the use of new reproductive technologies," Health Minister David Dingwall said in a statement accompanying the bill.
NEWS
November 30, 1993
A Canadian Royal Commission on Reproductive Technologies will today release results of a four-year study on these medical innovations and the ethical questions they raise. The commissioners have attempted to decide how such rare and costly procedures as in-vitro fertilization should be allocated in Canada--a country where the state provides free health care.
NEWS
September 9, 1986 | Associated Press
Most new infertility treatments are morally acceptable, but the practice of one woman's carrying another's fetus should be restricted to experimental use until more data is available on the risks and benefits, a medical ethics committee said Monday.
NEWS
December 8, 1985 | JAMIE TALAN, Newsday
Marilyn Johnson taped the thump, thump, thump of the heart that beat within her womb. Then she and her husband sent the cassette off to Canada, where two people eagerly awaited the first sounds of their child-to-be. Throughout the nine months that the surrogate mother carried her "gift to life," a present that came with a $10,000 price tag paid by the infertile Canadian couple, a loving friendship grew stronger by the week. Today the surrogate child that was named after Johnson is 2 years old.
NEWS
November 14, 1988 | PATRICK McDONNELL, Times Staff Writer
A crisp morning chill fills the autumn air as the father carries his raven-haired daughter, still sleepy and swaddled in a blanket, from his house to the waiting car. A short time later, Lydia Michelle's big eyes are opened wide and she sucks on a bottle as the father hands her to her mother at the door to an apartment. Not a word, not a glance, is exchanged between the father and mother.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
March 14, 1987 | Associated Press
The Italian Bishops' Conference urged Italian lawmakers to heed the Vatican's opposition to surrogate motherhood, test-tube babies and other methods of procreation that it deems artificial. "The gravity of problems related to new biomedical techniques is one more reason to rethink and reformulate, with wisdom and courage, a legal order conforming to the needs of moral law," the bishops said in a statement Wednesday.
NEWS
September 20, 1991 | ELAINE KENDALL, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
Don't think for a moment that this particular mommy club refers to a wisecracking group of sidelined professional women temporarily on sandbox duty. The heroine of this quirky, edgy novel has always been a loner--an under-appreciated sculptor who turns found objects into witty ceramic puns; a 38-year-old woman who has managed, one way and another, to avoid the commitment of a regular day job for most of her adult life.
NEWS
March 22, 1987 | ITABARI NJERI, Times Staff Writer
The broiling controversy surrounding the landmark "Baby M" case, soon to be decided by a judge in Hackensack, N.J., has drilled the term "surrogate mother" into our consciousness. She is a woman, who for a fee, agrees to have a child for an infertile couple and give the child to them after it is born. However, who these women are and what motivates them is often twisted in the web of controversy that surrounds them. Here are some of the surrogate mothers' intimate stories.
NEWS
September 20, 1991 | ELAINE KENDALL, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
Don't think for a moment that this particular mommy club refers to a wisecracking group of sidelined professional women temporarily on sandbox duty. The heroine of this quirky, edgy novel has always been a loner--an under-appreciated sculptor who turns found objects into witty ceramic puns; a 38-year-old woman who has managed, one way and another, to avoid the commitment of a regular day job for most of her adult life.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 25, 1990
Your story on surrogate motherhood identifying Hagar as an early example should have followed up with the results of that surrogacy ("Surrogate Motherhood: a Wrenching Test of Ethics," Nov. 18). After Ishmael's birth, there was conflict between Sarah and Hagar. Sarah beat Hagar and Hagar fled until commanded by the Lord to return. Ishmael, the son of Hagar and Abraham, did not become a part of Sarah's family as he was taken away by Hagar and became the progenitor of the Arab tribes.
NEWS
November 18, 1990 | CATHERINE GEWERTZ, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The couple tried in vain to conceive a child. With their deep need for an heir unanswered, they made an anguished decision: The man turned to another woman to bear his baby. The scenario could have been lifted from stacks of recent newspaper clippings describing the pain of infertility and the choice to employ a surrogate mother. But this story is the one that predated all the others: It's from Genesis 16.
NEWS
March 6, 1989 | DONALD P. MYERS, Newsday
Mary Beth Whitehead-Gould, four months pregnant with her fifth child, throws up in the bathroom as the sun goes down. "Morning sickness, day and night, with all my babies," she says when she's finished. "It's a cross I have to bear." Her fourth child, 9-month-old Austin, crawls on the kitchen floor with the Shetland sheep dogs. Her first child, 14-year-old Ryan, skateboards in the street outside.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 14, 1988 | PATRICK McDONNELL, Times Staff Writer
A crisp morning chill fills the autumn air as the father carries his raven-haired daughter, still sleepy and swaddled in a blanket, from his house to the waiting car. A short time later, Lydia Michelle's big eyes are open wide and she sucks on a bottle as the father hands her to a woman, her mother, at the door to a National City apartment. Not a word, not a glance is exchanged between the father and mother.
NEWS
November 14, 1988 | PATRICK McDONNELL, Times Staff Writer
A crisp morning chill fills the autumn air as the father carries his raven-haired daughter, still sleepy and swaddled in a blanket, from his house to the waiting car. A short time later, Lydia Michelle's big eyes are opened wide and she sucks on a bottle as the father hands her to her mother at the door to an apartment. Not a word, not a glance, is exchanged between the father and mother.
NEWS
November 18, 1990 | CATHERINE GEWERTZ, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The couple tried in vain to conceive a child. With their deep need for an heir unanswered, they made an anguished decision: The man turned to another woman to bear his baby. The scenario could have been lifted from stacks of recent newspaper clippings describing the pain of infertility and the choice to employ a surrogate mother. But this story is the one that predated all the others: It's from Genesis 16.
NEWS
January 21, 1987 | BEVERLY BEYETTE, Times Staff Writer
"They feel great pain for the child," said Gary Skoloff, attorney for William and Elizabeth Stern, who have temporary custody of Baby M, the infant now the center of a legal battle that is testing the concept of surrogate motherhood. He said that they are determined to try to "insulate" the child--"They have no intention of cooperating in any book or movie" or TV venture.
NEWS
February 7, 1988
Surrogate mother Mary Beth Whitehead Gould and her former husband have settled a lawsuit in Newark, N.J., charging a New York clinic that arranged the Baby M contract failed to exercise proper care in choosing her to serve as a surrogate. The surrogate mother, who lost custody of her daughter last week after nearly two years of highly publicized court battles, will file the settlement this week in federal court in Manhattan, her attorney said. Details of the settlement were not disclosed.
NEWS
October 16, 1987 | JOSH GETLIN, Times Staff Writer
Launching a bid to end surrogate motherhood-for-pay, a House subcommittee opened hearings Thursday on legislation that would make it a crime, punishable by up to two years in jail, for individuals and third-party brokers to enter into such contracts for money. The controversial bill, written by Rep. Thomas A.
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