November 16, 2002 |
Astronomers using Hawaii's Keck II telescope have detected the largest volcanic eruption in the solar system on the surface of Io, a Jovian moon. The eruption took place in February 2001, although analysis of the image was only recently completed. It occurred near an area on Io known as Surt.
January 15, 1986 |
A cousin of Col. Moammar Kadafi, unhappy about the country's economic problems, tried to kill the Libyan leader two months ago but was gunned down in Kadafi's barracks, Western diplomats said Tuesday. Col. Hassan Eshkal, the governor of Surt province, was slain last Nov. 23 in a hail of bullets, some of which might have been fired by Kadafi himself, the diplomats said.
March 1, 2011 |
Moammar Kadafi's loyalists appeared to have strengthened their grip on the Libyan capital, while chaos roiled much of the country and spilled over its borders in a wave of frightened refugees. The unrest in Libya has left hundreds dead and nearly frozen the country's oil-based economy. The United Nations reported Monday that more than 100,000 refugees, many of them laborers from nearby countries, have fled to Tunisia and Egypt over the last week to escape destitution and an outbreak of violence that has drawn international condemnation.
April 2, 1986 |
Libya has speeded up work on a second sophisticated missile site along its coast and by mid-April will be able to cover the airspace over the disputed Gulf of Sidra with long-range surface-to-air missiles, Pentagon sources said Tuesday. U.S. aircraft launched from carriers operating during maneuvers in the central Mediterranean on March 24 were attacked by four, or possibly five, Soviet-made SAM-5s fired from a missile-launching site at Surt.
March 26, 2011 |
Rebels fighting the regime of Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi have retaken the strategic city of Ajdabiya in the country's east, officials in the capital acknowledged. A foreign ministry official told reporters that armed forces loyal to Kadafi, under air assault by an international Western-led coalition including the United States, have been forced to retreat from the coastal city, which controls the road to the rebel-held stronghold of Benghazi as well as the desert road to the country's eastern border.
March 3, 2011 |
Three crew members of a Dutch military helicopter have been held since Sunday by forces loyal to Libyan strongman Moammar Kadafi after being prevented from completing an evacuation mission, Dutch defense officials said Thursday. The three are believed to be the first foreign troops to be held by the Kadafi regime since it began its bloody crackdown against antigovernment protesters, which has drawn international condemnation. The Dutch Defense Ministry said "intensive diplomatic talks" were underway to try to secure the release of the crew, whose identities are not being made public.
September 4, 2011 |
Rebel forces were closing in Sunday on a strategic town still loyal to longtime Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi amid reports that negotiations for the town's surrender had broken down. Abdullah Kanshil, a rebel negotiator, told reporters Sunday that talks meant to craft a nonviolent surrender of the desert town of Bani Walid had failed. He said the next step was in the hands of field commanders. The focus in the six-month civil war has shifted to Bani Walid, a Kadafi stronghold about 90 miles southeast of Tripoli, the capital.
March 28, 2011 |
Rebel gun trucks rolled into this abandoned oil city unopposed, their pickup beds piled high with weapons and ammunition after a breakneck sprint down Libya's coastal highway that signaled a remarkable one-day shift made possible by punishing airstrikes against government forces. Meeting little or no resistance, the rebels retook another oil town, Port Brega, earlier Sunday and sped west to Ras Lanuf. From there, they laid plans to advance on Surt, the hometown of Libyan leader Moammar Kadafi and a pro-government bastion 130 miles away.
October 21, 2011 |
The spectacle of Moammar Kadafi's capture at the mouth of a drain pipe and death in the custody of those he long oppressed thrilled Libyans but left a sense of unease about the nation's ability to emerge from his violent legacy. Kadafi's death Thursday in his hometown, the coastal city of Surt, spared Libyans the prospect that the only leader most had ever known would continue exhorting die-hard followers to fight. Few believed that, two months after he had been chased from his capital, Kadafi was in a position to make a comeback.
April 11, 1986 |
The extent to which Libya's military strength is dwarfed by that of the United States can be summed up in one comparison--its active-duty armed forces are outnumbered 2,151,568 to 73,000. In all other categories, the Libyans' disadvantage is similarly enormous.