January 30, 1991 |
Ground action in the war intensified Tuesday as elements of the 1st Marine Division pounded Iraqi targets in Kuwait with artillery, mortars, anti-tank missiles and automatic cannon fire. Firing from as close as 1,100 yards from the border, a task force of Marine light armored vehicles, artillery and other equipment hit Iraqi bunkers and observation posts with a 300-round barrage, according to military sources here.
January 29, 1991 |
Aerial bombardment continues to take its toll in the allied air campaign against Iraq, but another kind of bombardment is yet to come. "It is with artillery that war is made," said Napoleon Bonaparte, and casualty figures from America's most recent wars still bear him out. In World War II, shrapnel (fragments from exploding artillery shells) caused 53% of U.S. battle deaths and 62% of the wounds. In Korea, shrapnel caused 59% of the deaths and 61% of the wounds.
November 16, 1990 |
Only days before the scheduled signing of a sweeping European arms control treaty, U.S. officials expressed concern Thursday about the shift of thousands of Soviet tanks from Eastern Europe to Siberian territory not covered by the new pact. The Soviet tanks and other armored vehicles moved east of the Ural Mountains cannot be excluded in calculating arms cutbacks required by the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty, a high U.S. official said.
October 28, 1990 |
Local officials joined protesters Saturday to block tanks rehearsing for the Nov. 7 Revolution Day parade in Moscow, the Soviet daily newspaper Izvestia reported. The demonstrators jumped in front of the tanks as they drove down Moscow's Ring Road, which had been cleared of traffic for the overnight rehearsal. One man, Lev Shemaev, a leader of the radical Moscow Voters' Assn., lay down in front of the column of tanks. Neither he nor anyone else was hurt.
October 18, 1990 |
A combination of spare-parts shortages and Saudi-imposed restrictions has forced a key Army division here to keep its heavy tanks parked in the sand and has rendered it unable to conduct vital maneuvers and training, Army officials said Wednesday.
October 6, 1990 |
U.S. military forces, anticipating that the effectiveness of tank battalions could be the deciding factor in a ground war with Iraq, have begun extensive training exercises in the vast desert plains to simulate a mechanized battle of unprecedented scope.
September 28, 1990 |
The Administration's proposed sale of $7.6 billion in arms to Saudi Arabia was received with criticism and caution on Capitol Hill on Thursday, but key lawmakers indicated that they probably would support it, despite charges that the White House had broken a promise to limit the sale to items essential to urgent Saudi defense needs. Bowing to congressional pressure, the White House sent a scaled-down version of its original $21-billion Saudi arms package to Congress on Thursday.
September 16, 1990 |
Beneath the clear, blue skies above the Saudi Arabian desert, there is a bureaucratic skirmish being waged, and it has pitted one of the Air Force's sleekest war birds, the F-16 Falcon, against an ungainly beast called "the Warthog" by the pilots who fly it. Their role is to destroy any tanks bearing down on U.S. forces, and the debate is over how it should be done and who should do it. The Iraqi military threat to Saudi Arabia, which would set one of the world's largest tank armies against U.S.
September 6, 1990 |
The United States and Saudi Arabia can expect to lose five or six armored divisions if they launch an attack against Iraq, a Brookings Institution military analyst warned Wednesday. A preliminary computer simulation by researchers at Brookings, a Washington think tank, also estimated that an offensive against Saddam Hussein's forces could break the Iraqi army in about a month. "Yes, we will win," Joshua Epstein, a military analyst at Brookings, told a press conference Wednesday.