June 26, 1991 |
Diarrhea and respiratory diseases such as pneumonia killed 7.5 million children last year, but child deaths in the Third World could be slashed through simple treatment, the World Health Organization said. Director General Hiroshi Nakajima said diarrhea deaths could be cut by half over 10 years, mainly by treatment with oral rehydration salts. Pneumonia fatalities could be reduced by a third through use of oral antibiotics. Both treatments cost less than 50 cents per person.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
September 24, 1990 |
Millions of infant deaths could be prevented if women in developing nations were able to increase the length of time between having babies, according to a study. "Birth intervals of less than two years are strongly and consistently associated with higher mortality," reported the analysis by the Population Crisis Committee. When there is less than two years between births, the risk of the second child dying in infancy is increased by between 60% and 70%, the study said.
March 1, 1990 |
Progress in reducing the infant mortality rate in the United States has ground nearly to a halt, a national panel reported Wednesday. And it said the "mortality gap" between black and white babies is the widest it has been since the country began keeping track in 1940. The National Commission to Prevent Infant Mortality found that the United States has fallen to 20th place among developed countries in the race to cut infant deaths. Japan has leaped from 17th to first place, with only half the U.
October 5, 1988 |
A national consumer action group Tuesday called for a renewed boycott against the Nestle company, charging that the Swiss-based firm has violated an agreement on promotion of infant formula in Third World countries. Douglas A.
December 17, 1992 |
Pneumonia is now the biggest killer of children in the world, resulting in 3.6 million deaths annually, but in most cases the cure is a five-day course of antibiotics that costs only 25 cents, according to a United Nations report released today. The means of stopping pneumonia and dozens of other childhood diseases are now "available and affordable," the report said, but countries are not making the necessary investments in basic medical care, sanitation and education.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
October 26, 1987
Merck Pharmaceuticals has developed a drug that it says can fight "river blindness," a scourge of the Third World. Company chairman P. Roy Vagelos said the company will provide the drug free to health organizations in developing countries. The drug, Mectizan, has been approved for use by the French Directorate of Pharmacy and Drugs to treat onchocerciasis, or river blindness, a disease that affects an estimated 18 million people in Africa, the Middle East and Central and South America.
February 12, 1992 |
The global AIDS epidemic is worsening faster than experts earlier believed, according to new figures released Tuesday by the World Health Organization. The organization predicted in 1988 that there would be a cumulative total of 15 million to 20 million adult AIDS infections by the year 2000.
March 7, 1992 |
While international health statistics present a steadily growing gap between industrialized nations and the Third World, an unexpected bright spot is emerging: otherwise impoverished areas in which women have found ways to better themselves economically and improve their environment. Ayela Hammad, an Egyptian public health specialist who has worked extensively in developing nations, says economic progress for women appears to quickly translate into community health gains.
November 13, 1990 |
The supplies of blood available for medical transfusions in the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan and most of Western Europe are extremely safe, thanks to increasingly sophisticated screening for AIDS, hepatitis and other contagious diseases. Such screening, however, continues to be largely unavailable in Africa, China, the Soviet Union and much of Eastern Europe and the Middle East, resulting in blood supplies contaminated with disease.
January 24, 1989 |
When Mark Kroeker undertook a mission of mercy for an Argentine child who needed a new liver, the deputy chief in the Los Angeles Police Department could not have dreamed that his work would lead to a multinational crusade. It began in January, 1987, when Kroeker and Larry Binkley, now Long Beach police chief, went to Argentina at the Argentine government's invitation to explore an exchange program with the police in the province of Cordoba.