December 3, 1995 |
In this village so wretchedly and desperately poor that residents sometimes must catch and eat rats, death came for Sonia this August. The skinny 3-year-old broke out in fever and began to gasp one rainy, cool evening. After consulting a quack, her parents confined Sonia to their dark shack for five days and nights without medical care. But her fever and breathlessness continued and her mother and father grew worried.
December 3, 1995 |
In Africa, you can start with water. Actually, you can begin with any of a dozen reasons that this continent has the highest child mortality rate in the world. Water is just one entryway into the vicious, unfair cycle downward. In one area of rural Mozambique, families rely on the same 20-foot mud puddle to dip out the day's drinking water, to bathe and to water their livestock.
May 31, 1993 |
Last year, Mozambique's medical establishment wrote to the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Brazil seeking help in rebuilding a health care network ravaged by civil war. The letter took seven months to reach the Brazilians. Now, thanks to a low-orbiting satellite that "talks" to the Internet, doctors divided by an ocean but united by the Portuguese language are in contact almost daily. The story is told by Charles Clements, executive director of the nonprofit Cambridge, Mass.
December 17, 1992 |
Pneumonia is now the biggest killer of children in the world, resulting in 3.6 million deaths annually, but in most cases the cure is a five-day course of antibiotics that costs only 25 cents, according to a United Nations report released today. The means of stopping pneumonia and dozens of other childhood diseases are now "available and affordable," the report said, but countries are not making the necessary investments in basic medical care, sanitation and education.
March 7, 1992 |
While international health statistics present a steadily growing gap between industrialized nations and the Third World, an unexpected bright spot is emerging: otherwise impoverished areas in which women have found ways to better themselves economically and improve their environment. Ayela Hammad, an Egyptian public health specialist who has worked extensively in developing nations, says economic progress for women appears to quickly translate into community health gains.
February 12, 1992 |
The global AIDS epidemic is worsening faster than experts earlier believed, according to new figures released Tuesday by the World Health Organization. The organization predicted in 1988 that there would be a cumulative total of 15 million to 20 million adult AIDS infections by the year 2000.
June 26, 1991 |
Diarrhea and respiratory diseases such as pneumonia killed 7.5 million children last year, but child deaths in the Third World could be slashed through simple treatment, the World Health Organization said. Director General Hiroshi Nakajima said diarrhea deaths could be cut by half over 10 years, mainly by treatment with oral rehydration salts. Pneumonia fatalities could be reduced by a third through use of oral antibiotics. Both treatments cost less than 50 cents per person.
June 22, 1991 |
The International Conference on AIDS concluded Friday with renewed optimism that an effective AIDS vaccine will be developed by the year 2000 but concern that progress against the epidemic is being jeopardized by political turmoil among AIDS groups and inadequate attention to the staggering impact of the disease on developing nations.
June 18, 1991 |
The staggering dimensions of the AIDS epidemic in Asia and Africa became clear Monday as a top World Health Organization official presented the latest statistics on the global spread of the deadly virus. New data on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in Thailand and India are so compelling that the U.N. health organization just last week revised its estimate of the current number of HIV-infected Asians yet again, from 500,000 to greater than 1 million.