April 3, 1992 |
The Senate lifted a federal ban on fetal tissue transplant research, with a majority that could override a threatened presidential veto. A bill covering the issue was approved 87 to 10 and was sent to a conference committee. The House passed a similar measure in July. The Ronald Reagan and George Bush administrations imposed the moratorium on grounds that using the tissue for human transplants would cause an increase in the number of abortions.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
May 7, 1990 |
The first U.S. patient to receive a graft of fetal brain tissue as therapy for Parkinson's disease has shown substantial improvement in the 15 months since the surgery, Dr. Curt R. Freed, a neurologist at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver, reported last week in the Archives of Neurology. Parkinson's disease, which affects as many as 500,000 Americans, results from the loss of brain cells that secrete the hormone dopamine.
April 26, 1991 |
The new director of the National Institutes of Health said Thursday that while she continues to believe that it is acceptable to use fetal tissue for biomedical research, she will abide by the ban on federal funding for such work "without hesitation." Dr. Bernadine P.
January 8, 1991 |
Calling the government "bankrupt in dealing with ethical issues," two medical societies announced plans Monday to establish a private board to review research that uses the tissues of aborted fetuses. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Fertility Society said a board of 15 citizens would set guidelines for research in transplanting of fetal tissue and for studies involving test-tube embryos.
June 25, 1992 |
The House failed Wednesday to override President Bush's veto of legislation that would have ended a ban on fetal tissue research but supporters immediately introduced another bill aimed at allowing the work to proceed unimpeded. In an override vote of 271 to 156, supporters fell more than a dozen votes short of the two-thirds majority needed to enact the measure over the President's objection. So far, Congress has failed to override any of the President's vetoes.
April 16, 1991 |
A Texas couple who described themselves as anti-abortion told congressmen Monday, in often emotional testimony, why they decided to undergo a fetus-to-fetus tissue transplant in attempting to save their unborn child. "We do not agree with abortion," said the Rev. Guy Walden, a Baptist minister from Houston, his voice breaking at times. But "we believed that . . . this would be consistent with a pro-life, anti-abortion position." Theirs was the first public report of such surgery.
June 5, 1992 |
The Senate voted 85 to 12 Thursday to lift a government ban on the use of aborted fetuses in disease research, setting the stage for an expected veto by President Bush. The same measure passed the House last week on a 260-148 vote, which, unlike the Senate tally, is short of the two-thirds necessary to override the veto. Its supporters said fetal tissue holds the promise of new treatments for Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes and spinal cord injuries.
January 26, 1993 |
Dr. Edward Oldfield remembers the fall weekend in 1987 when he and Dr. Robert Plunkett, a fellow neurosurgeon at the National Institutes of Health, were preparing to take a historic step--performing the world's first fetal-cell transplant on a patient suffering from Parkinson's disease. Instead, less than 48 hours before the scheduled brain surgery on a middle-aged patient, the operation was canceled as a five-year moratorium began on federal aid for fetal-tissue research.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 19, 1998
Clint Hallam, the Australian man who received a pioneering hand and forearm transplant seven weeks ago, is able to move his fingers and rotate his wrist, surgeons said this week. Hallam is able to bend each finger about 25 degrees and then straighten it out, according to Dr. Earl Owen, who headed the surgical team that performed the operation in France. However, the patient has regained no sensation.