March 1, 1997 |
The Food and Drug Administration on Friday proposed a new framework for regulating medical products made from human cells or human tissue in order to safeguard against contamination, infection or other dangers. The system would set up different "tiers" of regulation according to the degree of risk involved. Tissue is used in skin replacement for burn victims and to repair injured tendons, ligaments, heart valves and corneas. Other tissue--semen or implanted eggs--is used in fertility treatments.
November 1, 1995 |
U.S. physicians are poised to begin a new era in the surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease, one that proponents say will bypass the ethical and accessibility problems of using human fetal tissue transplants and be safer than the now widely used pallidotomies, in which a small part of the brain is destroyed. The new approach involves implanting fetal pig brain cells, which are readily available and remarkably similar to human tissues.
April 21, 1994 |
The need for organ donors is well-known, thanks to dramatic stories of lives saved because generous people willed their hearts, kidneys or other vital organs. Less well-known is the need for other human tissue--such as bone, skin, ligaments, tendons and heart valves. Every year, about 400,000 Americans receive some type of human tissue transplant, says Barbara Wilks of the American Red Cross, Los Angeles. Donated tissue can correct a variety of problems.
January 31, 1994 |
Terrie Wenc jogs five miles every day--not unusual for a 47-year-old woman in trim condition. But Wenc is not your average jogger. Less than a year ago, she could not even drive, much less jog. Parkinson's disease had frozen her into immobility for several hours every day. She had to give up the beauty salon she owned, forfeited two houses and a car because of her medical expenses, and faced a future of despair.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
January 21, 1994 |
Kaitlin Symsek, who was born missing a heart valve and couldn't walk or crawl until she received a valve transplant, will cut the ribbon today at the grand opening of the American Red Cross Western Regional Tissue Center in Costa Mesa. "We were very, very lucky that at the time she needed (a heart valve) one was even available," said Kaitlin's mother, Debby Symsek.
January 5, 1994 |
The federal government Tuesday approved the first grant for fetal tissue research since President Clinton lifted a five-year ban on studies using cells from aborted fetuses. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke is giving $4.5 million to three institutions to study the effects of implanting fetal tissue into the brains of patients with Parkinson's disease. Dr. Patricia Grady, head of the federal institute, called the research promising.
December 11, 1993 |
The Food and Drug Administration, reacting to concern in Congress, moved Friday to guarantee the safety of human tissue and bones used in 450,000 transplant operations in the United States each year. FDA Commissioner David A. Kessler said that the agency was issuing interim rules on an emergency basis after finding evidence that some "tissue brokers" may be dealing in infectious body parts, principally cadavers from Eastern Europe and Russia.
April 7, 1993 |
A research clinic in Santa Barbara has entered into an agreement to import fetal tissue from Russia to transplant into diabetics. The agreement by the Sansum Clinic reflects U.S. researchers' frustrations over difficulties in obtaining fetal tissue for research purposes, despite President Clinton's recent lifting of a moratorium on the use of such tissue. This is the first agreement of its kind between U.S. researchers and Russian authorities.
January 26, 1993 |
Dr. Edward Oldfield remembers the fall weekend in 1987 when he and Dr. Robert Plunkett, a fellow neurosurgeon at the National Institutes of Health, were preparing to take a historic step--performing the world's first fetal-cell transplant on a patient suffering from Parkinson's disease. Instead, less than 48 hours before the scheduled brain surgery on a middle-aged patient, the operation was canceled as a five-year moratorium began on federal aid for fetal-tissue research.
January 23, 1993 |
With a stroke of a pen, President Clinton marked the 20th anniversary of Roe vs. Wade on Friday by dismantling a series of Ronald Reagan and George Bush Administration abortion restrictions, only hours after tens of thousands of anti-abortion demonstrators rallied across the street from the White House.