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Tissue Transplants

NEWS
June 5, 1992 | From Associated Press
The Senate voted 85 to 12 Thursday to lift a government ban on the use of aborted fetuses in disease research, setting the stage for an expected veto by President Bush. The same measure passed the House last week on a 260-148 vote, which, unlike the Senate tally, is short of the two-thirds necessary to override the veto. Its supporters said fetal tissue holds the promise of new treatments for Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes and spinal cord injuries.
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NEWS
May 29, 1992 | MARLENE CIMONS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The House approved legislation Thursday that would overturn a federal ban on fetal tissue research, but, in a politically significant victory for the Bush Administration, the vote fell short of the number needed to override an almost certain presidential veto. Although many supporters were absent for the vote, opponents--who object to the research because it involves tissue obtained through elective abortions--attracted three more votes than the one-third needed to sustain a veto.
NEWS
May 27, 1992 | MARLENE CIMONS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Former Health and Human Services Secretary Otis R. Bowen on Tuesday called a controversial moratorium on fetal tissue research--first imposed while he was secretary--a "mistake" and urged speedy approval of legislation that would overturn it. He also opposed as "medically unworkable" a compromise proposal by President Bush to encourage the research as long as it was conducted only with tissue obtained through ectopic pregnancies and miscarriages rather than through elective abortions.
NEWS
May 19, 1992 | MARLENE CIMONS and DOUGLAS JEHL, TIMES STAFF WRITERS
The White House is expected to launch a last-minute attempt today to derail expected congressional action on legislation that would overturn a federal ban on fetal-tissue research. The action is likely to come in an order by President Bush to establish a national bank and registry for tissue obtained from ectopic pregnancies and miscarriages.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
May 7, 1992 | THOMAS H. MAUGH II, TIMES SCIENCE WRITER
Two types of experimental surgical procedures have significantly improved the conditions of patients with Parkinson's disease, surgeons said here Wednesday. Two teams of researchers independently reported that in a total of 11 patients, grafts of fetal tissue obtained during abortions sharply reduced tremors and rigidity and increased control of limb functions.
NEWS
April 3, 1992 | From Times Staff and Wire Reports
The Senate lifted a federal ban on fetal tissue transplant research, with a majority that could override a threatened presidential veto. A bill covering the issue was approved 87 to 10 and was sent to a conference committee. The House passed a similar measure in July. The Ronald Reagan and George Bush administrations imposed the moratorium on grounds that using the tissue for human transplants would cause an increase in the number of abortions.
NEWS
October 9, 1991 | THOMAS H. MAUGH II, TIMES SCIENCE WRITER
For the first time, scientists have been able to convert muscle tissue into bones of a precise shape, potentially providing an important new source of bone for grafts and wound repairs. Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and the National Institutes of Health combined muscle tissue from the legs of rats with finely ground bone powder, added a synthetically produced growth factor and injected the mixture into a rubber mold.
BUSINESS
August 1, 1991 | MICHAEL SCHRAGE
Pioneering medical research frequently provokes ethical controversies. But no research initiative in American medicine has evoked more genuine dishonesty or more hypocrisy than the use of fetal tissue transplants to help treat victims of Parkinson's disease, diabetes and other crippling illnesses. This controversy offers a shameful example of medical innovation mismanagement. At the center of this controversy are the products of abortion: dead fetuses.
NEWS
May 19, 1991 | From Times Wire Services
An organ transplant company reported Saturday that two people who received tissue from an AIDS-infected man have preliminarily tested positive for the deadly virus. A spokesman for LifeNet Transplantation Services, the agency that distributed the man's tissue and organs, said the two had received particularly risky "fresh-frozen" tissue grafts, which were not treated with alcohol for fear that the chemical might kill the cells. A third recipient has been identified and will be tested, he said.
NEWS
May 18, 1991 | MARLENE CIMONS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Health officials continued to search Friday for 50 or more transplant recipients who may have received organs, tissue or bone grafts from a donor whose infection with the AIDS virus had gone undetected. While the potential danger of AIDS infection from organ transplants is not unknown, this is believed to be the largest number of patients affected by a single donor, federal health officials said.
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