August 5, 1998 |
Facing possibly the most serious threat to Congolese President Laurent Kabila's 15-month regime, loyalist troops fought Tuesday to crush a rebellion of renegade soldiers in key cities in their country's east, while in the west the capital braced for gun battles and a nighttime curfew. Military officers primarily belonging to eastern Congo's Banyamulenge Tutsi ethnic group have vowed to oust Kabila in an uprising similar to the one that brought the onetime rebel leader to power in May 1997.
August 15, 1994 |
Hollow-log drums throb. Dancers in togas churn up red-powdered dust. It is Sunday and 5,000 villagers press close as their young and inexperienced president steps forward to try to give them hope against the genocidal bloodshed spreading across this troubled nation once again. Burundi is Rwanda's blood brother, born from the same German-cum-Belgian coffee colony and living with the same Hutu-versus-Tutsi ethnic struggle.
July 20, 1994 |
Victorious Tutsi-led rebels installed a "national unity" government Tuesday and urged a halt to the desperate flight of millions of terrorized Rwandan refugees. Nearly half of this Central African nation's population has either fled or is on the move toward the border with Zaire. Maj. Gen.
May 1, 2003 |
The nation's Tutsi president handed power to a leader from the Hutu tribe in a power-sharing arrangement designed to end bloodshed. President Pierre Buyoya stepped down for Vice President Domitien Ndayizeye. Although Tutsis make up 15% of the population and Hutus 85%, Tutsis traditionally have dominated the government and army, stoking resentment.
October 26, 1996 |
Shelling rocked a city in eastern Zaire on Friday as Tutsi rebels battled Zairian troops, and a European envoy warned that a new genocide in Central Africa could be near. Western aid workers in Geneva said that Banyamulenge rebels--ethnic Tutsis who have lived in Zaire for generations--had seized the airport in Uvira and cut off all satellite and radio communications. Many people were fleeing the city on Lake Tanganyika, they said.
May 30, 1995 |
The signs are ominous: Rwanda seems to be tumbling toward a resumption of civil war. On Monday, the international organization Human Rights Watch issued a report substantiating fears of Rwanda's young government and concerns of independent officials in the region: The defeated and exiled army of the former regime is rearming and preparing to try to retake the country by force. Moreover, Human Rights Watch said the campaign by these armed ethnic Hutus threatens to destabilize the entire region.
August 11, 1998 |
After a week of stunning setbacks, President Laurent Kabila's army says it is holding its ground against Rwandan-backed rebels in the former Zaire. Official media and spokesmen in Kinshasa, the capital, said Monday that Kabila's loyalist troops had evicted Tutsi-led rebels near the mouth of the Congo River and were advancing on rebel positions in the east of the nation renamed Congo. There was no independent confirmation of the official accounts of fighting on either front.
August 2, 1996 |
The world already knows that Hutu rebels stormed a camp of Tutsi families at Bugendana at dawn July 21 and slaughtered 341 people, mostly women and children. The news spread because the Tutsi-led army let reporters and television crews record every grisly detail. But few also know that the army killed thousands of Hutu civilians between April and July in a horrific series of previously undisclosed massacres.
November 26, 1996 |
Tutsi rebels massacred more than 300 Rwandan and Burundian Hutu refugees at a camp 25 miles southwest of Bukavu, a provincial capital, local Zairians said. Residents of nearby Kakinda village and a survivor said that on Nov. 17 up to 40 rebels gathered 310 refugees at Chimanga camp--saying they would be repatriated--and then set off a mortar or a grenade. Others from the camp were shot to death.
August 8, 1994 |
Even as the stakes for hundreds of thousands are rising, even as a whole season of crops is ripening and threatening to rot in the fields of Rwanda, the most important question for refugees cannot be answered. Are they safe going home to Rwanda? In the last three days, a swirl of fresh rumors has swept the refugee camps here: Ethnic Hutus are facing retaliatory attacks when they try to return home after their bitter civil war with the minority Tutsis.