November 5, 1996 |
With the international community threatening to intervene, Zairian Tutsi rebels declared a cease-fire Monday in eastern Zaire and agreed to allow aid agencies to try to get Hutu refugees home to Burundi and Rwanda. Fighting between Tutsi-led rebels and Zairian troops has forced hundreds of thousands of refugees to flee their U.N. camps, venturing deeper into Zaire and farther from the reach of aid workers.
November 2, 1996 |
Some of Central Africa's worst fighting since Rwanda's genocidal war two years ago erupted Friday as the Tutsi-led government army here exchanged fierce artillery fire with neighboring Zaire, sending thousands of panicked residents fleeing from both sides of the bitter combat.
November 1, 1996 |
Tens of thousands of frightened refugees were on the move again Thursday in eastern Zaire after heavy fighting exploded around the airport in Goma, a key logistic and strategic city that appears to be the major target of the widening Central African war. Roads and bridges north and south of the besieged city, the administrative and supply base for more than 1.
October 26, 1996 |
Shelling rocked a city in eastern Zaire on Friday as Tutsi rebels battled Zairian troops, and a European envoy warned that a new genocide in Central Africa could be near. Western aid workers in Geneva said that Banyamulenge rebels--ethnic Tutsis who have lived in Zaire for generations--had seized the airport in Uvira and cut off all satellite and radio communications. Many people were fleeing the city on Lake Tanganyika, they said.
October 25, 1996 |
An exodus of 300,000 Hutu refugees from camps in eastern Zaire grew more chaotic Thursday as rumors spread that Tutsi rebels were planning to attack the provincial capital. U.N. aid workers in that city, Bukavu, where 80,000 refugees were reported to have arrived Thursday, said Zairian troops were setting up roadblocks and warning people of an impending assault.
October 22, 1996 |
Fighting between Zairian troops and ethnic Tutsis has reportedly prompted more than 220,000 Hutu refugees to flee camps in eastern Zaire. U.N. refugee agency spokesman Paul Stromberg said Zairian troops hired by the United Nations to protect the refugees reported that all 12 camps near the town of Uvira were empty and that nearby villages were abandoned after a third day of heavy fighting in the area. Most of the refugees had originally fled ethnic violence in Burundi.
October 20, 1996 |
More than 46,000 Burundian and Rwandan refugees fled their camps in eastern Zaire because of a flare-up in fighting between Zairian troops and an ethnic Tutsi group. The Zairian army and the Tutsi group, known as Banyamulenge, clashed near a refugee camp 30 miles north of Uvira, a U.N. spokesman said. No independent confirmation or details of the fighting were available. The Banyamulenge immigrated to eastern Zaire from Rwanda beginning in the 18th century.
October 13, 1996 |
Burundi's warring factions--minority Tutsis and majority Hutus--have agreed to open talks to try to end their civil war. All factions, inside and outside Burundi, must be involved in the negotiations, which are expected to start within a month, Tanzanian Foreign Minister Jakaya Kikwete said at the end of a seven-nation summit in Arusha, Tanzania.
October 12, 1996 |
Armed men swept down on a village in eastern Zaire and massacred about 50 civilians in an ongoing wave of violence between the Zairian army and ethnic Tutsis, the United Nations said Friday. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali says dozens of people have been killed and wounded in eastern Zaire in recent days, since officials told about 250,000 ethnic Tutsis to leave the area in a week or face full-scale war. U.N.
October 11, 1996 |
Rwanda's president vowed to bar ethnic Tutsi men ordered to leave Zaire next week or face all-out war as rebels. "We will only be taking women and children. The men will have to stay where they are," Rwandan President Pasteur Bizimungu said. Zaire has given an estimated 200,000 Banyamulenge Tutsis one week to leave or be treated as rebels and face war with Zairian soldiers.