October 13, 1996 |
Burundi's warring factions--minority Tutsis and majority Hutus--have agreed to open talks to try to end their civil war. All factions, inside and outside Burundi, must be involved in the negotiations, which are expected to start within a month, Tanzanian Foreign Minister Jakaya Kikwete said at the end of a seven-nation summit in Arusha, Tanzania.
October 12, 1996 |
Armed men swept down on a village in eastern Zaire and massacred about 50 civilians in an ongoing wave of violence between the Zairian army and ethnic Tutsis, the United Nations said Friday. U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali says dozens of people have been killed and wounded in eastern Zaire in recent days, since officials told about 250,000 ethnic Tutsis to leave the area in a week or face full-scale war. U.N.
October 11, 1996 |
Rwanda's president vowed to bar ethnic Tutsi men ordered to leave Zaire next week or face all-out war as rebels. "We will only be taking women and children. The men will have to stay where they are," Rwandan President Pasteur Bizimungu said. Zaire has given an estimated 200,000 Banyamulenge Tutsis one week to leave or be treated as rebels and face war with Zairian soldiers.
September 11, 1996 |
Burundi's Roman Catholic archbishop was missing and feared dead at the hands of Hutu rebels after soldiers found the burned-out husk of his car, some blood and the charred body of one of his six passengers. The Tutsi-led military government blamed the rebels for the ambush and apparent slaying Monday afternoon of Joachim Ruhuna, whose official title is archbishop of Gitega. Ruhuna, 62, is a Tutsi known for openly criticizing both Hutu and Tutsi extremists.
August 23, 1996 |
More than 6,000 people have been slaughtered in Burundi since a Tutsi former army major seized power July 25, purportedly to end ethnic bloodshed in the Central African country, Amnesty International said Thursday. "We are disturbed that as many people have been massacred since the coup as were reported killed in the preceding three months," the London-based human rights group said.
August 2, 1996 |
The world already knows that Hutu rebels stormed a camp of Tutsi families at Bugendana at dawn July 21 and slaughtered 341 people, mostly women and children. The news spread because the Tutsi-led army let reporters and television crews record every grisly detail. But few also know that the army killed thousands of Hutu civilians between April and July in a horrific series of previously undisclosed massacres.
July 26, 1996 |
The Tutsi-led army defied world leaders and carried out a successful coup Thursday, sealing this embattled country's borders and installing an ethnic Tutsi to replace the Hutu president who is still under the protection of the U.S. ambassador here.
July 21, 1996 |
A retaliatory attack by Hutu rebels killed at least 200 Tutsis on Saturday, including many children, Radio Burundi and the army said. The Burundian army, meanwhile, forced 1,800 Rwandan refugees back into Rwanda and rounded up thousands more on a football field while their refugee camp was ransacked by local residents, U.N. aid officials said in Geneva. Ethnic violence is rife in Burundi, where Hutus make up 85% of the population of 6 million and Tutsis make up 14%.
May 17, 1996 |
Hutus armed with machetes hunted down hundreds of Tutsis who sought refuge in a church in Zaire and slaughtered at least 12 of them, a U.N. official said. More than 100 other Tutsis hiding in the church were missing. At least 600 Tutsis had fled armed Hutu mobs to Kichanga, near Zaire's border with Rwanda, said the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees.
April 5, 1996 |
A bitter civil war is spreading here in the shadow of Rwanda, where a similar boil of ethnic hatred and extremist politics led to the genocidal slaughter of an estimated 800,000 people two years ago. The question is: Will Burundi, where up to 100,000 people already have been killed, go the way of tortured Rwanda?