March 2, 1989 |
The General Assembly on Wednesday approved $416 million for the U.N. peacekeeping mission to help free Namibia from 74 years of South African rule. On April 1, the United Nations is to begin implementing a one-year plan to create the world's newest independent nation, thus settling the last major colonial problem in Africa. South Africa has run Namibia, or South-West Africa, since World War I, when it captured the former German colony.
December 14, 1988 |
When Chester A. Crocker began the delicate task of selling his peace plan for southwestern Africa nearly eight years ago, he remembers plenty of resistance in African capitals. "There was a lot of broken furniture in the room during the first 18 months," said the 46-year-old assistant secretary of state. The notion of linking a Cuban troop withdrawal from Angola with independence for Angola's South African-controlled neighbor, Namibia, wasn't all that popular with any of the principal players.
April 8, 1989 |
The South African-appointed government of Namibia declared the U.N. timetable for the territory's independence effectively suspended Friday, citing a week of fierce border clashes between guerrillas and security forces that killed more than 280 people. Officials said more paramilitary troops had been activated to guard against reported guerrilla movements on farmland owned by whites. They said a curfew would be reimposed on the northern Ovambo region where the fighting erupted.
April 2, 1989 |
South Africa threatened Saturday to expel a large U.N. peacekeeping force on its first day of work in Namibia after charging that guerrillas entering from Angola had clashed with Namibian police as a formal cease-fire went into effect, leaving 38 insurgents and two police officers dead. Roelof F. (Pik) Botha, South Africa's foreign minister, called the clash a "flagrant violation" of international agreements. He said that if the U.N.
November 3, 1989 |
South African allegations that Namibian guerrillas were illegally moving into northern Namibia from Angola were based on phony U.N. messages, a spokesman for the U.N. peacekeeping force in Namibia said. Pretoria had said the alleged incursions threatened to disrupt next week's elections that are a step toward independence from South Africa.