July 1, 1993 |
Missiles fired from American helicopters Wednesday blew up another arms depot and staging compound serving Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid as U.N. forces intensified their efforts to disarm him after the shooting of eight more U.N. soldiers this week. The Pentagon said the attack, which began at 3 p.m., was designed to destroy the compound. It was identified as a staging area for the fatal attacks on two Pakistani soldiers and the wounding of six other U.N.
January 2, 1993 |
As the sun set on the battered Somali town of Baidoa one day this week, 100 U.S. Marines gathered around Los Angeles' Cardinal Roger Mahony for an evening Mass. "You fellows should understand how this is playing back home," Mahony told the Marines, many of whom came from Oxnard, Mission Hills and other cities in the cardinal's own archdiocese. "You're helping these people. And you really should be proud of that. It's having an enormous positive impact," he said.
December 19, 1992 |
Lt. Roy Hollan's machine-gun platoon was backing up a French Foreign Legion reconnaissance mission in a bombed-out neighborhood here a few days ago when his U.S. Marine unit spotted snipers on a rooftop. The Americans raised their weapons, girding for a firefight, until the French commander quickly informed them that the snipers were Legionnaires providing cover for the mission. "Seeing those snipers gave us a start," said Hollan, of Mission Viejo. "We didn't know they (the snipers) were French.
April 3, 1994 |
Less than a week after U.S. soldiers left, the gates of Mogadishu's port were knocked to the ground, thefts multiplied and Somalis began smuggling weapons past Egyptian sentries. The remaining U.N. troops have less training, less discipline, poorer equipment and greater problems in fulfilling a less ambitious U.N. mandate. Relief groups have abandoned outlying cities, claiming that U.N. troops cannot or will not protect them. The U.N.
March 3, 1995 |
With U.S. Marines pouring out gunfire to safeguard a U.N. retreat, the world gave up on woebegone Somalia today. The goodby was purely military: 73 hours after landing, the last of the Marines, their machine-gun barrels still hot, rumbled across the beach and splashed their amphibious assault vehicles into the Indian Ocean, bound for home or duty stations elsewhere. Fading into the distance was the sorrowful pop of Somali gunfire, the national anthem for this disintegrated nation.
January 15, 1995 |
Up to 30 armed Somalis formerly employed by the United Nations seized about 15 foreign U.N. staff members in Mogadishu Saturday and held them hostage demanding payment. Negotiations were under way to end the blockade at the Southern Compound, a cluster of buildings near the port that is used by international U.N. staff, said Maj. Zubair Chattha, a spokesman for the peacekeeping force in Somalia. The former workers claimed they were owed overtime pay.
January 16, 1995 |
A group of foreign staff members of the United Nations mission in Somalia were freed Sunday after negotiations with gunmen who took them hostage Saturday, U.N. sources said. The kidnapers had demanded money that they said they were owed by the United Nations. It was not clear on what grounds they had agreed to free the hostages. Among those held was chief transport officer Ray Botham, who was back at work Sunday, apparently unharmed. Somali sources said five people had been held, but a U.N.
August 13, 1992 |
U.N. officials said Wednesday they have reached a "momentous" agreement with a key Somali warlord allowing the deployment of up to 500 armed foreign troops to protect relief shipments coming into the port of Mogadishu. Plagued by violence and looting, the port is a troublesome bottleneck for emergency food and medical supplies for Somalia's more than 6 million people, as many as 1.5 million of whom face famine after years of civil war and drought. The agreement with Gen.
August 7, 1992 |
A United Nations team arrived in the ruined Somali capital Thursday to cheers from crowds of gun-toting teen-agers lining the streets as the U.N. convoy raced to meetings with rival warlords. "They think the U.N. is bringing its army to bring peace to the city," a Somali escorting the team told reporters. Peter Hansen of Denmark and his 23-member team met with self-styled President Ali Mahdi Mohamed, whose vicious feud with Gen. Mohamed Farah Aidid has killed and maimed thousands.
June 27, 1992 |
More than 1.5 million Somalis may starve to death unless the world helps the eastern African nation, which has been ravaged by war and drought, a U.N. official said Friday. "Without an immediate injection of support from the international community, the lives of over 1.5 million Somalis are under threat," Ian MacLeod, a U.N. Children's Fund official in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, said in a statement.