October 12, 1991 |
The KGB, the sword and shield of Communist rule and the most dreaded force in Soviet society, was ordered dismantled Friday and its spying and information-gathering duties entrusted to new, separate agencies. The landmark decision by Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev and the other members of the ruling Soviet State Council was openly aimed at breaking the KGB's stranglehold on state security functions, which made it an indispensable but ultimately dangerous adjunct of power.
September 2, 1991 |
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev said Sunday that it would be "immoral" for him to quit his post and announced that he and leaders of most of the Soviet republics have designed a new political structure for the vast country and will introduce it during the upcoming meeting of the national Parliament. "I will not resign now. It would be immoral . . .
August 29, 1991 |
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev on Wednesday crippled a vital leg of the Kremlin power troika that tried to overthrow him, disbanding the KGB's ruling body and ordering an investigation into its role in last week's failed coup. The embattled yet ever-defiant Gorbachev has already wrenched the Communist Party's grip from the reins of power by resigning as party leader, severing the political organization from the presidency.
December 27, 1990 |
Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev nominated a Communist Party apparatchik as his vice president Wednesday, arousing fears among radical lawmakers that his proposed second in command would prove an opponent of bolder economic reforms. Gennady I. Yanayev, former chairman of the Soviet Council of Trade Unions and now in charge of foreign affairs in the party Politburo, declared proudly to the national Parliament, "I am a Communist to the depths of my heart."
December 2, 1990 |
Moscow's two Pizza Hut shops were doing a brisk business when, suddenly, the smiles froze. The successful enterprises were forced to shut down for 18 hours while local officials argued over whether the U.S. franchise should report to the Moscow city council or some other government body. Welcome, American business, to the land of perestroika. It has never been easy to do business in the Soviet Union.
October 30, 1990 |
In the former annex of a Moscow vegetable store, a U.S. Jewish group and Soviet Jews on Monday launched a unique enterprise--a bureau officially sanctioned by Soviet authorities to help people who want to leave the country for new lives in Israel and elsewhere. "Today is a joyous day for us," Leonid D. Stonov, a Soviet Jewish leader and founder of the new Bureau on Exit, Human Rights and the Rule of Law, told supporters who crowded by the dozens into a small room to celebrate the opening.