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Ussr History

NEWS
December 29, 1991 | JONATHAN PETERSON, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Russian leaders, alarmed that their nation has slipped so drastically behind the West, throw open the doors to foreign consultants. Sound familiar? Actually, the 1980s surge in East-West business ties is a footnote to a much larger--if little-known--story of how Americans helped build the modern Soviet Union before the Cold War, setting up steel mills, auto plants, machine factories, the very basis of its military-industrial might.
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NEWS
December 29, 1991 | JONATHAN PETERSON, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Back in the Great Depression, in the days when communism was a gleaming red star that beckoned working-class dreamers from across the sea, 24-year-old Rose Kostyuk packed her bags and moved to Russia. It was an exciting adventure for a spunky young social worker from Philadelphia. Thousands of miles away, the first real socialist state was being hammered together. Idealists everywhere felt a magnetic pull toward this utopian land of Lenin. All the possibilities of a lifetime lay ahead.
NEWS
December 26, 1991 | Associated Press / Los Angeles Times
V.I. Lenin: Led the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. Premier of Council of People's Commissars until he died in office Jan. 21, 1924. Josef Stalin: Longest-ruling Soviet leader; succeeded Lenin. General secretary of the Communist Party from 1922 to 1953. Named chairman of Council of Ministers (or premier) May, 1941. Died in office March 5, 1953. Georgi M. Malenkov: Took over Stalin's post as premier from March, 1953, until February, 1955. Nikita S.
NEWS
December 19, 1991 | ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Branislava S. Fridman has been teaching history to Moscow schoolchildren for 41 years, but these days she has to spend three hours a night preparing her lessons. That's because much of what she used to teach now looks more like fiction than history. And Fridman, along with so many other teachers, is searching for the truth.
NEWS
November 9, 1991 | CAREY GOLDBERG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
They have known hard times before, the makers of Soviet encyclopedias. There were all those awkward junctures such as the time when Josef Stalin's infamous chief of the secret police, Lavrenti Beria, fell into disgrace and all Great Soviet Encyclopedia owners were ordered to cut his entry out of the "B" volume and paste in more than anyone could ever want to know about the Bering Strait.
NEWS
October 23, 1991 | Reuters
A mass grave containing the bodies of thousands of Buddhist monks killed on the orders of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin has been discovered in western Mongolia, British television reported Tuesday. The grave near the western town of Moron was filled with the remains of monks killed in a brutal suppression of the Lamaist faith under Communist rule, the British Broadcasting Corporation said.
NEWS
October 1, 1991 | ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The 32 pupils in Mrs. Sidneva's third-grade class listened with rapt attention Monday as she described how Nazi soldiers shot more than 30,000 people in two days 50 years ago in a wooded area on the edge of Kiev. "The Nazis hated all of us--the Ukrainians, the Russians and the Byelorussians--but who did they hate the most?" Inna M. Sidneva asked the 8- and 9-year-olds sitting erect at their desks. Several hands shot up, and the teacher motioned to a boy sitting in the front row.
NEWS
September 27, 1991 | TYLER MARSHALL, TIMES STAFF WRITER
A small makeshift cross in a birch forest near this Urals village points to the end of one of Europe's great mysteries. Here, in a small marshy clearing, lies a mass grave with nine bodies, believed to be those of Russia's last czar, Nicholas II; his wife, Alexandra; three of his four daughters and four servants--massacred by a Bolshevik execution squad in the heat of the Communist revolution 73 years ago.
NEWS
September 22, 1991 | MICHAEL A. HILTZIK, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Right in the center of this ancient city once stood a German castle whose twin turret and spire were recognizable all over Europe. Today the castle is a memory, its site occupied by an angular, 25-story behemoth of heavy, gray granite and overwhelming Soviet hideousness. The "House of Communism" has been under construction for 20 years and is still not finished. It may never be.
NEWS
September 8, 1991 | Times Wire Services
The embalmed body of V . I. Lenin may soon be removed from the marble mausoleum on Red Square where it has been displayed since his death in 1924. * Leningrad Mayor Anatoly Sobchak proposed that Lenin should be reburied "with all due honors" next to his mother and other relatives in the city's Volkhovskoye Cemetery. The new Soviet legislature will be asked to approve. * The move would have great symbolic impact.
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