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NEWS
July 28, 1991 | JACK NELSON, TIMES WASHINGTON BUREAU CHIEF
Soviet citizens, while obsessed with their country's dismal economic plight, overwhelmingly oppose private ownership of basic industries and have serious reservations about transforming their state-operated economy into a free-market system, a new poll indicates.
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NEWS
October 31, 1991 | JONATHAN PETERSON, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Across the Ural River, in the scrubby fields where Europe turns into Asia, it rises like a monster against the hazy sky: 50 smokestacks towering over a rusty fortress of factories, pipelines and train tracks. It is the largest steelworks in the world, a monument to brute industrial power, decades of sacrifice--and an economic system that doesn't work any more.
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CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 26, 1990 | Compiled from Times staff and wire reports
An American computer scientist just back from the Soviet Union reports that a group of supercomputers under construction there could put the Soviets closer than ever to the United States and Japan in building the world's most powerful computers. One of the Soviet machines, called El 'brus-3-1, is nearing completion and could be tested within six months, according to Peter Wolcott of the University of Arizona's management information systems department.
NEWS
October 25, 1991 | Associated Press
Deputy Secretary of Defense Donald J. Atwood will visit the Soviet Union next week to discuss converting the Soviet defense industry to civilian production, the Pentagon said Thursday. Seven U.S. industrialists will accompany Atwood on the eight-day fact-finding trip, said spokesman Pete Williams.
NEWS
June 16, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
A moderate reformer was elected the prime minister of the Soviet Union's Russian Republic on Friday after a radical proposed by Boris N. Yeltsin, the republic's populist president, was rejected. Ivan S. Silayev, 60, a Soviet deputy chairman in charge of the country's machine-tool and engineering industry, was elected with 163 votes from among the 239 deputies of the Russian Supreme Soviet, the republic's legislature, after Yeltsin withdrew his support from his own nominee in favor of Silayev.
NEWS
July 8, 1990 | From Associated Press
The Bush Administration will allow U.S. commercial satellites to be launched on Soviet rockets for the first time, a published report said. An Australian commercial venture, the Cape York Space Agency, will be permitted to hire a U.S. company to run a base in Australia from which Soviet rockets will carry satellites for customers from around the world, the New York Times reported in today's editions.
NEWS
March 7, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
After an anguished, yearlong debate over a step that many Communists fear as the end of socialism in the Soviet Union, the country's legislature voted Tuesday to allow private entrepreneurs to own and operate small businesses, even factories, and to hire their own workers.
NEWS
October 22, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Although President Mikhail S. Gorbachev has won his mandate to develop a market economy, bringing some of the most fundamental changes in Soviet history, he now faces a major struggle over the shape of that transformation.
NEWS
July 28, 1991 | JACK NELSON, TIMES WASHINGTON BUREAU CHIEF
Soviet citizens, while obsessed with their country's dismal economic plight, overwhelmingly oppose private ownership of basic industries and have serious reservations about transforming their state-operated economy into a free-market system, a new poll indicates.
NEWS
July 2, 1991 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The Soviet legislature Monday overwhelmingly approved a landmark law in the country's economic reforms that allows the government to sell off state enterprises to private investors, thus ending Soviet socialism's long state monopoly on the means of production.
NEWS
June 10, 1991 | VIKTOR K. GREBENSHIKOV and MICHAEL PARKS, SPECIAL TO THE TIMES
Boris N. Yeltsin, campaigning to become the first popularly elected president of Russia, pledged here Sunday to force the Soviet Union's powerful military-industrial complex, which consumes a quarter of the country's output, to pay its own way.
NEWS
April 27, 1991 | CAREY GOLDBERG and ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITERS
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, bolstered by a run of political victories, declared on Friday that he is about to impose a strict new regime on key Soviet industries in response to public demand for "tough measures--right up to the very toughest measures."
NEWS
April 1, 1991 | CAREY GOLDBERG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Soviet miners threatened Sunday to flood their coal pits as a desperate next step in the month-old strike that has crippled parts of the country's heavy industry and cost the economy millions of tons of coal. The threat to flood the mines--which could put them out of commission for months if not permanently--appeared calculated to force the Soviet government to abandon its hard line on the miners and consider making concessions.
NEWS
March 25, 1991 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
The Soviet government warned Sunday that major segments of the country's already staggering economy are on the brink of closure because of the growing shortages of fuel, power and materials resulting from a three-week strike by coal miners. Serafim V. Kolpakov, the minister of the Soviet metallurgical industry, said that blast furnaces are being shut down around the country as steel plants run out of coking coal and that this will have a quick impact throughout the Soviet economy.
NEWS
September 14, 1990 | JOHN-THOR DAHLBURG, TIMES STAFF WRITER
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's economic adviser said Thursday that he hopes lawmakers around the country will agree by Oct. 1 on a radical reform plan to sell off most of the Soviet economy into private hands and decentralize decision-making within 500 days. "The time has come when we must choose," Nikolai Y. Petrakov told a news conference he had called to explain the status of competing proposals for transition to a market-oriented economy after weeks of bickering.
NEWS
April 27, 1991 | CAREY GOLDBERG and ELIZABETH SHOGREN, TIMES STAFF WRITERS
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, bolstered by a run of political victories, declared on Friday that he is about to impose a strict new regime on key Soviet industries in response to public demand for "tough measures--right up to the very toughest measures."
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
November 26, 1990 | Compiled from Times staff and wire reports
An American computer scientist just back from the Soviet Union reports that a group of supercomputers under construction there could put the Soviets closer than ever to the United States and Japan in building the world's most powerful computers. One of the Soviet machines, called El 'brus-3-1, is nearing completion and could be tested within six months, according to Peter Wolcott of the University of Arizona's management information systems department.
NEWS
October 22, 1990 | MICHAEL PARKS, TIMES STAFF WRITER
Although President Mikhail S. Gorbachev has won his mandate to develop a market economy, bringing some of the most fundamental changes in Soviet history, he now faces a major struggle over the shape of that transformation.
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