October 3, 1989 |
Lawmakers today handed President Mikhail S. Gorbachev a rare defeat, rejecting his plea for an emergency ban on strikes that he warns could destroy the ravaged Soviet economy. The Soviet legislature instead imposed a selective ban on strikes in key economic areas. Gorbachev said that he is satisfied with the compromise and that it will "help restore a normal life." "This is a decision in support of perestroika, " he said.
January 4, 1991 |
Can there be reform without reformers? Obviously not, say Soviet radicals, who see an increasing shift to the right as key liberals leave President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's "perestroika team." Eduard A. Shevardnadze, in resigning last month as foreign minister, warned of the growing power of "reactionary forces" and accused them of effectively taking Gorbachev hostage and pushing the country toward a return to dictatorship. Other liberals are equally harsh in their pronouncements.
June 12, 1989 |
Ethnic rioting that has killed about 100 people in the Uzbekistan republic has driven nearly 15,000 refugees into a camp where living conditions are so primitive that women give birth on the ground, Soviet media said Sunday. "The most explosive situation is here, in the refugee camp," for Meskhetians (minority Turks), said a report on the television news program "Vremya." The military newspaper Red Star said mobs of intoxicated residents continue to direct violence against Meskhetians in the republic's Fergana region.
August 8, 1990 |
Armenia's new leader called Tuesday on self-defense forces in his republic to pledge allegiance to local authorities and refrain from violence as the deadline neared on President Mikhail S. Gorbachev's order to disarm. "The people will not forgive any adventure that endangers the fulfillment of our statehood," Armenian President Levon Ter-Petrosyan told his countrymen. Speaking two days before the deadline for disbanding the armed groups, Ter-Petrosyan called on the people to act "coolheadedly."
August 2, 1990 |
Lawmakers in the Ukraine voted overwhelmingly Wednesday to shut the Chernobyl power plant, site of the world's worst nuclear accident, as ethnic groups in the Soviet Union from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea pressed their demands on Moscow. In a sign of the new Kremlin attentiveness to the desires of increasingly combative local authorities, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev agreed with Russian Federation President Boris N.
July 10, 1990 |
Mikhail S. Gorbachev handily won reelection today as leader of the Communist Party as delegates who had assailed his policies concluded that their party can not survive without him. Although opposition appeared to melt away as the delegates considered electing a new general secretary, a sizable anti-Gorbachev sentiment was evident in the balloting. Delegates at the 28th congress of the Soviet Communist Party voted 3,411 to 1,116 to keep Gorbachev as general secretary.
October 21, 1988 |
A veteran Soviet diplomat and historian who recently sought to prove that the United States had started the Cold War in an attempt to dominate the world has been named to a key Communist Party foreign policy post, the government announced Thursday. Valentin M. Falin, chairman of the Novosti press agency and former ambassador to West Germany, was appointed chief of the party's International Department after the recent realignment of the Kremlin leadership. Falin, 62, replaces Anatoly F.
March 20, 1991 |
With 300,000 coal miners now on strike across the Soviet Union, leaders of the 20-day-old protest declared their intention Tuesday of turning the work stoppage into a coordinated national movement to force the Kremlin to grant their demands. More than 160 mines from the western Ukraine to the Pacific Ocean have stopped working to demonstrate against the government's failure to keep promises that it made to persuade miners to end a major strike in July, 1989.
July 11, 1989 |
The Soviet crime rate, fueled by consumer shortages, has jumped by nearly 40% in the last six months, and the nation's police departments need more money if they are to fight back, Interior Minister Vadim V. Bakatin said Monday. Bakatin made his comments to the Supreme Soviet, the new national legislature, which confirmed him to his Cabinet seat in part, according to the Tass news agency, because of the honesty he displayed in discussing the spiraling crime rate.
January 29, 1991 |
The pro-Moscow "salvation committees" that tried to oust the pro-independence governments in Latvia and Lithuania this month are only the latest manifestations of conservative strength in the Soviet Union. Here is a listing of major organizations on the Soviet right and the far right: PAMYAT ("MEMORY")--Coalition of six extreme rightist organizations with varying agendas.