June 18, 1991 |
The proposal to underwrite the Soviet Union's transition to a free-market economy with massive Western assistance came under scathing attack from Soviet lawmakers here Monday, putting the whole initiative in jeopardy. Although the project has the support of President Mikhail S.
February 13, 1991 |
The Soviet Union's new prime minister alleged Tuesday that his government had foiled a devilish multinational scheme to oust President Mikhail S. Gorbachev with an economic coup. "Someone simply decided that President Gorbachev became a nuisance and had to be removed," Prime Minister Valentin S. Pavlov told the trade union newspaper Trud in an interview that seemed to come straight from the pages of a spy novel.
January 7, 1992 |
SOVIET UNION Sudden Death: The year's most momentous story was the rapid collapse of the Soviet Union, which seemed to implode and disappear into the black hole of history in less than five months. By the end of 1991, the 74-year-old Soviet superpower had ceased to exist. Rising from the ruins was the Commonwealth of Independent States, which linked 11 of the 15 former Soviet republics as sovereign states and was led by Russian Federation President Boris N. Yeltsin. Meanwhile, former Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev was a man without a job. Prelude to Crisis: The beginning of 1991 saw Gorbachev alternately loosening and tightening his grip on the rebellious republics as he tried to quell ethnic and labor disputes and just hold the nation together.
September 3, 1991 |
Rarely in the long catalogue of human folly has a band of seemingly rational men been so willfully perverse. The plot to unseat Mikhail S. Gorbachev, led by the custodians of the most powerful institutions in the Soviet Union, was so wooden-headed, so inimical to the goals that they hoped to achieve as to defy imagination. These eight gray men set out to turn the clock back to a sterner, safer time.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
April 1, 2003 |
Valentin S. Pavlov, a former Soviet prime minister who helped lead the failed hard-line coup against Mikhail Gorbachev in 1991, has died, Russian news reports said Monday. He was 66. Pavlov died Sunday in Moscow after a long illness. A native of Moscow, Pavlov graduated from the Moscow Finance Institute and held a doctorate in economics. He began his career as a city tax inspector in Moscow and rose slowly through the Soviet economic bureaucracy, becoming finance minister in 1989.
October 31, 1989 |
Soviet lawmakers grappling for the first time with a government budget suggested on Monday that the vast fleet of official luxury cars be auctioned to help cut the budget deficit. The Supreme Soviet (Parliament) also proposed hefty taxes on cigarettes and beer to try to pare an estimated $143 billion budget deficit down to $95 billion, at the official rate of exchange.
September 1, 1991 |
Most of the once-lofty officials arrested in last month's failed coup have been transferred from private country homes and are now doing time in a prison with common criminals, newspapers reported Saturday. Former KGB chief Vladimir A. Kryuchkov is sharing a cell with two criminals; his deputy, Col. Gen. Viktor Grushko, has three cellmates, and former Defense Minister Dmitri T. Yazov has one, the newspapers said.
January 14, 1991 |
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev today rejected calls to name a radical, free-market economist for the top job in his reorganized government, choosing instead a cautious veteran bureaucrat as the new prime minister. Gorbachev nominated Finance Minister Valentin S. Pavlov as his candidate to succeed the ailing Nikolai I. Ryzhkov.
April 8, 1991 |
Russian Federation leader Boris N. Yeltsin and other senior Soviet officials joined worshipers at Easter services Sunday, giving an official stamp to the Russian Orthodox church's most important holiday. Yeltsin stood in the center of a special section after midnight in the vast Epiphany Cathedral. He and other prominent guests of honor--Soviet Prime Minister Valentin S. Pavlov and Deputy Moscow Mayor Sergei Stankevich--placed candles in a gilt stand as Patriarch Alexei II looked on.