December 1, 1995 |
The crowd that fills the tables at the venerable Writers' Club restaurant here is accustomed to the politicians, dissidents and intelligentsia who routinely drop by to share a meal and discuss world events. But one night this week, the room fell silent when in strode the man known as Arkan, one of the most notorious paramilitary warlords in the bloodstained history of Serbia and Serbian Bosnia.
August 5, 1996 |
Hussein Mohammed Aidid, who landed as a U.S. Marine in Somalia in 1992, was named Sunday to succeed his late father, Gen. Mohammed Farah Aidid, the powerful faction leader who humiliated the U.S. military. The younger Aidid's appointment by his father's supporters came hours after they issued a policy document making it clear that the general's death will not lead to reconciliation among warring factions.
September 5, 2006 |
Carlos Castano, who in the 1990s organized right-wing militias into a paramilitary force that terrorized Colombia, was murdered in 2004, police said Monday after DNA tests confirmed that recovered remains were his. Guided by Castano's confessed assassin, who says he acted on orders from the victim's brother and fellow paramilitary founder Vicente Castano, Atty. Gen. Mario Iguaran told reporters he was "99.99% sure" that bones recovered in northern Colombia were those of the paramilitary leader.
February 11, 2002 |
Iran has closed the offices of a former Afghan warlord who opposes Afghanistan's interim government and the strong new U.S. role in that country, one of his aides said Sunday. The closing of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's offices in the Iranian capital, Tehran, and the eastern city of Mashhad appears to be a conciliatory gesture toward the United States. U.S. officials have accused Iran of trying to destabilize the new Afghan government.
September 7, 2004 |
Hundreds of residents of southern Somalia have fled their homes in anticipation of an attack by the only major warlord to boycott peace talks in Kenya. Villagers in the Gedo and Jubba valleys reached by two-way radio said Mohammed Siad Hersi, also known as Gen. Morgan, was amassing troops and weapons for a possible assault on the port of Kismaayo, 300 miles south of the capital, Mogadishu.
September 23, 1995 |
Fourteen foreigners, including two Americans, freed by Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid's forces in the southwestern city of Baidoa arrived in Nairobi on Friday, and a U.N. official said no ransom had been paid. Two planes carrying the freed men, who spent nearly six days in captivity, arrived in the Kenyan capital Friday evening. Seven female aid workers had been released Wednesday. The captives were taken after Aidid and 600 of his militiamen overran Baidoa on Sunday in a surprise attack.
August 3, 1997 |
Former warlord Charles Taylor was sworn in as president, a position he sought for seven years on the battlefield and finally achieved at the ballot box. Two weeks after winning 75% of the vote in the nation's first postwar election, Taylor promised to immediately set up commissions aimed at guaranteeing human rights and promoting reconciliation. In 1989, he launched a civil war that devastated the West African nation.
July 22, 2001 |
Tajik security forces killed one of the leaders of an armed group they have battled for a month outside the capital, Dushanbe, the Interior Ministry said. A spokesman said the body of warlord Mansur Muakalov, 28, was one of 10 brought to a morgue. Muakalov and four other rebel fighters were killed during a sweep about 25 miles northeast of Dushanbe, the spokesman said. Government forces have been battling a group led by Muakalov and Rakhmon Sanginov since late June.
May 18, 2004 |
Russia's most wanted fugitive, rebel warlord Shamil Basayev, has claimed responsibility for killing Chechnya's Moscow-backed leader in a bombing at a stadium in the regional capital, Grozny. Basayev made his claim in a statement posted on a rebel website, calling the assassination of President Akhmad Kadyrov a "small but important victory." Kadyrov was killed May 9 while when he and other dignitaries were attending a Victory Day ceremony.
June 2, 2003 |
Liberia handed over the body of warlord Sam Bockarie to neighboring Sierra Leone, which has indicted him for atrocities. Bockarie, a former disco dancer and hairdresser who became one of the region's most feared rebel commanders, was killed in a shootout with Liberian government forces May 6. Since then, Sierra Leone's U.N.-backed special court for war crimes had demanded that the corpse be handed over for independent identification. The court is probing crimes such as amputations and mass