November 29, 2009
When Mohamed ElBaradei was selected as director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1997, he was known as a reserved bureaucrat who enjoyed the backing of the United States and was unlikely to make waves. Twelve years later, he is leaving at the end of the month with a Nobel Peace Prize to his name and a reputation among his admirers for speaking truth to power, having stood up to the George W. Bush administration over Iraq and Iran. Meanwhile, much of the world has continued to pursue nuclear weapons: India and Pakistan conducted successful nuclear tests to prove what they had, North Korea developed a nuclear bomb, and Iran acquired about 5,000 centrifuges and more than 3,000 pounds of low-enriched uranium.
July 22, 2005
This week's visit to Washington by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh solidified relations between two democracies too often estranged in earlier decades. But President Bush took the wrong path to a desirable goal, bowing to India's requests for assistance in developing nuclear energy but getting nothing in return, a reversal of long-standing U.S. policy on stopping the spread of nuclear weapons. Luckily, Bush alone cannot make the agreement reality.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
July 7, 1998 |
The shock waves caused by India's and Pakistan's nuclear breakout is a terrifying reminder that the U.S. addiction to nuclear weapons as a cornerstone of its military policy, coupled with its bankrupt efforts to prevent nuclear proliferation, is an utterly failed policy. North Korea has also been rattling its nuclear sabers, indicating that it may break its promise to forgo the nuclear weapons option.
CALIFORNIA | LOCAL
December 9, 1992 |
The destruction of the Babri Mosque by Hindu extremists has raised the specter of fundamentalism in a subcontinent armed with nuclear weapons. If India is reeling from the killing fields of communal passion, violent anti-Hindu outrage in neighboring Pakistan threatens to rupture relations between the two countries. In retaliation for the outrage at Ayodhya, hysterical, rampaging mobs have burned down dozens of Hindu temples and shrines in Pakistan in the last two days.
June 11, 1985 |
The long-running "courtship of Rajiv Gandhi" is about to open in Washington after playing in Moscow, Cairo, Paris and Algiers. But the Indian prime minister's performance in the role of the world's most eligible nonaligned ruler was the rave of diplomatic circles here long before he took it on the road, beginning last month in the Soviet Union. He arrives in Washington today for a state visit and will meet with President Reagan at the White House on Wednesday.
April 15, 1999 |
The missiles that streaked across India and Pakistan this week highlighted the determination of the two South Asian countries to push ahead with their nuclear weapons plans--and the futility of U.S. efforts to stop them. On Sunday, Indian leaders proudly announced the successful test-firing of an advanced ballistic missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead to targets in Pakistan and China.
February 22, 1999 |
The leaders of the world's two newest nuclear-armed nations agreed Sunday to a series of measures designed to cut the risk of war between the historical rivals. Prime Ministers Atal Behari Vajpayee of India and Nawaz Sharif of Pakistan capped a cordial weekend summit here, 20 miles from their border, by promising to warn each other of missile tests, swap information on nuclear strategy and refrain from testing any more nuclear weapons.
September 28, 2003 |
A nuclear crisis is forming in the most volatile region on Earth. The International Atomic Energy Agency has demanded that Iran give a full and final accounting of its nuclear activities by Oct. 31, or risk action by the U.N. Security Council. Iran's eastern neighbor, Pakistan, and Pakistan's traditional rival, India, have already tested nuclear weapons. India's neighbor and rival, China, has been a nuclear power for many years.
May 14, 1998 |
India set off two more underground nuclear explosions Wednesday, defying overwhelming international condemnations, including President Clinton's decision to impose U.S. sanctions that could cost the Indians billions of dollars in aid. The Indian government said in a statement here that the underground tests complete the nation's nuclear program and indicated that it now stands ready to sign an international treaty banning nuclear tests.
January 23, 2010 |
Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates leaned on India and Pakistan during his trip to South Asia this week to set aside a simmering rivalry and confront militant extremists. At the same time, Gates and other U.S. officials pushed arms sales that could fuel the antagonism between the two countries. Gates' trip was framed by that apparent contradiction in U.S. policy. On his arrival in Pakistan, a television news interviewer put the question bluntly: "Why re-arm both countries?" The Pentagon chief sidestepped the question.