August 26, 1990 |
South Africa began calling up army reservists Saturday and sent military reinforcements with armored cars to help police enforce emergency powers in battle-ravaged black townships near Johannesburg. District army chief Gen. Wessel Kritzinger said in a statement: "Additional troops are being deployed to stabilize the violent situation which has arisen over the past few weeks."
August 27, 1990 |
Rival tribal chiefs blamed the white-led government Sunday for the black factional fighting around Johannesburg that has claimed more than 500 lives in the past two weeks. Most of the fighting has involved Zulus loyal to the conservative Inkatha movement against Xhosas and other blacks who support the African National Congress. A delegation of Zulu and Xhosa chiefs toured troubled townships Sunday and pleaded for an end to the fighting.
August 24, 1990 |
Nelson Mandela on Thursday urged the government to use troops to stop violence in black townships, where Zulu and Xhosa war bands clashed for the 12th day with spears, axes and knives. Police said four people died. President Frederik W. de Klerk said the government would announce new moves today to stop the tribal fighting, in which 500 people have been killed. He said the moves would include additional restrictions on the ownership of weapons, but he did not elaborate.
September 17, 1990 |
The traditional leader of the Zulus, King Goodwill Zwelithini, traveled far from the center of his kingdom Sunday to urge thousands of his followers at rallies to "put out the fires of violence." "I have come to tell my father's people . . . that I, as king of the Zulus, will not tolerate violence perpetrated in the name of" the Zulu nation, said Zwelithini, a highly respected figure among South Africa"s 7 million Zulus.
August 23, 1990 |
Pleas for peace from white and black leaders went unheeded Wednesday as 100 more black South Africans were stabbed, hacked or burned to death in factional fighting around Johannesburg. The latest killings brought the death toll to more than 500 in the last 10 days. Township streets were barricaded with burning tires, and small bands of Zulu and Xhosa fighters with homemade weapons clashed throughout the day.
September 4, 1990 |
Like most inhabitants of the vast urban melting pot of Soweto, Wilson and Isabel Zitha have fond, if not particularly strong, feelings about their ancient cultural heritages. So, when Zulus began battling Xhosas in the streets outside their modest home recently, Wilson, who is Xhosa, and Isabel, who is Zulu, looked on in stunned silence. And Isabel began to feel ashamed of her own roots. "How can I say I am Zulu? People are starting to hate us," she said.